David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Â Â What exactly is a genetic disease?Â For a phrase one hears on a daily basis, there has been surprisingly little analysis of the underlying concept.Â Medical doctors seem perfectly willing to admit that the etiology of disease is typically complex, with a great many factors interacting to bring about a given condition.Â On such a view, descriptions of diseases like cancer as genetic seem at best highly simplistic, and at worst philosophically indefensible.Â On the other hand, there is clearly some practical value to be had by classifying diseases according to their predominant cause when this can be accomplished in a theoretically satisfactory manner.Â The question therefore becomes exactly how one should go about selecting a single causal factor among many to explain the presence of disease.Â When an attempt to defend such causal selection is made at all, the standard accounts offered (Kochâ€™s postulates, Hillâ€™s epidemiological criteria, manipulability) are all clearly inadequate.Â I propose, however, an epidemiological account of disease causation which walks the fine line between practical applicability and theoretical considerations of causal complexity and attempts to compromise between patientcentered and population-centered concepts of disease.Â The epidemiological account is the most basic framework consistent with our strongly held intuitions about the causal classification of disease, yet it avoids the difficulties encountered by its competitors
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kelly C. Smith (2001). A Disease by Any Other Name: Musings on the Concept of a Genetic Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):19-30.
Albert Mosley (2004). Does Hiv or Poverty Cause Aids? Biomedical and Epidemiological Perspectives. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (5-6):399-421.
Paul Thagard (1998). Explaining Disease: Correlations, Causes, and Mechanisms. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 8 (1):61-78.
Neil Williams (2007). The Factory Model of Disease. The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
P. Thagard (1996). The Concept of Disease: Structure and Change. Philosophical Explorations 29:445-478.
Lisa Gannett (1999). What's in a Cause?: The Pragmatic Dimensions of Genetic Explanations. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):349-373.
R. Cooper (2002). Disease. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (2):263-282.
Dominick A. Rizzi & Stig Andur Pedersen (1992). Causality in Medicine: Towards a Theory and Terminology. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (3).
Caroline Whitbeck (1977). Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.
Sean A. Valles (2010). The Mystery of the Mystery of Common Genetic Diseases. Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):183-201.
Juha Räikkä (1996). The Social Concept of Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4).
Frank J. Flier & Pieter F. Vries Robbdeé (1999). Nosology and Causal Necessity; the Relation Betweendefining a Disease and Discovering its Necessary Cause. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (6).
Abigail Woods (2009). 'Partnership' in Action: Contagious Abortion and the Governance of Livestock Disease in Britain, 1885–1921. Minerva 47 (2):195-216.
Kelly C. Smith (2001). Genetic Disease, Genetic Testing and the Clinician. Journal of the American Medical Association 285 (1):91.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads6 ( #336,406 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #369,877 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?