David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):317-339 (2003)
Researchers have begun to explore animals' capacities for uncertainty monitoring and metacognition. This exploration could extend the study of animal self-awareness and establish the relationship of self-awareness to other-awareness. It could sharpen descriptions of metacognition in the human literature and suggest the earliest roots of metacognition in human development. We summarize research on uncertainty monitoring by humans, monkeys, and a dolphin within perceptual and metamemory tasks. We extend phylogenetically the search for metacognitive capacities by considering studies that have tested less cognitively sophisticated species. By using the same uncertainty-monitoring paradigms across species, it should be possible to map the phylogenetic distribution of metacognition and illuminate the emergence of mind. We provide a unifying formal description of animals' performances and examine the optimality of their decisional strategies. Finally, we interpret animals' and humans' nearly identical performances psychologically. Low-level, stimulus-based accounts cannot explain the phenomena. The results suggest granting animals a higher-level decision-making process that involves criterion setting using controlled cognitive processes. This conclusion raises the difficult question of animal consciousness. The results show that animals have functional features of or parallels to human conscious cognition. Remaining questions are whether animals also have the phenomenal features that are the feeling/knowing states of human conscious cognition, and whether the present paradigms can be extended to demonstrate that they do. Thus, the comparative study of metacognition potentially grounds the systematic study of animal consciousness. Key Words: cognition; comparative cognition; consciousness; memory monitoring; metacognition; metamemory; self-awareness; uncertainty; uncertainty monitoring
|Keywords||cognition comparative cognition consciousness memory monitoring metacognition metamemory self-awareness uncertainty uncertainty monitoring|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Derek C. Penn, Keith J. Holyoak & Daniel J. Povinelli (2008). Darwin's Mistake: Explaining the Discontinuity Between Human and Nonhuman Minds. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):109-130.
Thomas Suddendorf & Michael C. Corballis (2007). The Evolution of Foresight: What is Mental Time Travel, and is It Unique to Humans? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):299-313.
Peter Carruthers (2009). How We Know Our Own Minds: The Relationship Between Mindreading and Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):121.
Kourken Michaelian (2011). Generative Memory. Philosophical Psychology 24 (3):323-342.
Anil K. Seth, Bernard J. Baars & D. B. Edelman (2005). Criteria for Consciousness in Humans and Other Mammals. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):119-39.
Similar books and articles
Diego Fernandez-Duque, J. A. Baird & Michael I. Posner (2000). Awareness and Metacognition. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):324-326.
Asher Koriat (2007). Metacognition and Consciousness. In P D Zelazo, M Moscovitch & E Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press
Duane M. Rumbaugh, Michael J. Beran & James L. Pate (2003). Uncertainty Monitoring May Promote Emergents. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):353-353.
Peter Carruthers (2003). Monitoring Without Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):342-343.
Giuliana Mazzoni (2003). Animals Show Monitoring, but Does Monitoring Imply Awareness? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):349-350.
John H. Flavell (2003). Varieties of Uncertainty Monitoring. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):344-344.
J. David Smith (2005). Studies of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition in Animals and Humans. In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press
J. David Smith, Wendy E. Shields & David A. Washburn (2003). Inaugurating a New Area of Comparative Cognition Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):358-369.
Lisa K. Son, Bennett L. Schwartz & Nate Kornell (2003). Implicit Metacognition, Explicit Uncertainty, and the Monitoring/Control Distinction in Animal Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):355-356.
Victoria M. Wilkins, LeeAnn Cardaciotto & Steven M. Platek (2003). Uncertain What Uncertainty Monitoring Monitors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):356-357.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads234 ( #11,478 of 1,911,378 )
Recent downloads (6 months)54 ( #10,914 of 1,911,378 )
How can I increase my downloads?