David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Noûs 33 (2):214-238 (1999)
The concept of niche (setting, context, habitat, environment) has been little studied by ontologists, in spite of its wide application in a variety of disciplines from evolutionary biology to economics. What follows is a first formal theory of this concept, a theory of the relations between objects and their niches. The theory builds upon existing work on mereology, topology, and the theory of spatial location as tools of formal ontology. It will be illustrated above all by means of simple biological examples, but the concept of niche should be understood as being, like concepts such as part, boundary, and location, a structural concept that is applicable in principle to a wide range of different domains.
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Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2011). Part-Whole Science. Synthese 178 (3):397-427.
Marshall Abrams (2009). What Determines Biological Fitness? The Problem of the Reference Environment. Synthese 166 (1):21 - 40.
Anthony G. Cohn & Achille C. Varzi (2003). Mereotopological Connection. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (4):357-390.
Tim Ireland (2015). The Spatiality of Being. Biosemiotics 8 (3):381-401.
Stefano Borgo & Claudio Masolo (2010). Full Mereogeometries. Review of Symbolic Logic 3 (4):521-567.
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