David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
At the beginning of the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle says that “all learning and all rational teaching arises from previously existing knowledge”. How, then, can we have any knowledge? If all our knowledge is acquired by learning that depends on previously existing knowledge, then we would have an inﬁnite regress of still prior knowledge, with the result that we cannot learn anything without having learned something else ﬁrst. If we reject this possibility, then the only one that remains is that we have some knowledge that we did not learn. This might happen in two ways: either we have some knowledge that we never acquired at all, or we have some knowledge that we acquired but without learning it. We would have knowledge that we never acquired if there was never a time at which we did not have it (which would entail, of course, that we were born with it). Plato held that we do have such knowledge, and indeed that all the genuine knowledge that we have is innate in this way. Aristotle, however, denies that we have innate knowledge (for instance at An. Post. II.19, 100a10). Since he nevertheless does think that we have knowledge, he must think that we have some knowledge which we did not acquire by learning. In fact, he does present such a view in Posterior Analytics II.19, where he claims that our knowledge of the principles ( ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§ ) of sciences comes to us through perception and induction and that the state of knowledge of them is “intelligence” or “thought” ( © ). Aristotle says explicitly that in this process the mind is passive; therefore, it is reasonable for us to regard it as not being a kind of learning (or at any rate as a kind of rational learning). Thus, Aristotle’s overall position is consistent.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andrea Pozzali (2007). Tacit Knowledge, Implicit Learning and Scientific Reasoning. Mind and Society 7 (2):227-237.
Huiming Ren (2012). The Distinction Between Knowledge-That and Knowledge-How. Philosophia 40 (4):857-875.
Henry Plotkin (2007). Necessary Knowledge. Oup Oxford.
Mariska Leunissen (2010). Aristotle's Syllogistic Model of Knowledge and the Biological Sciences: Demonstrating Natural Processes. Apeiron 43 (2-3):31-60.
David Bronstein (2012). The Origin and Aim of Posterior Analytics II.19. Phronesis 57 (1):29-62.
David Novitz (1983). Fiction and the Growth of Knowledge. Grazer Philosophische Studien 19:47-68.
Murat Aydede (1998). Aristotle on Episteme and Nous: The Posterior Analytics. Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):15-46.
Mark McCullagh (2000). Solitary and Embedded Knowledge. Southwest Philosophy Review 16 (1):161-169.
John Hyman (1999). How Knowledge Works. Philosophical Quarterly 50 (197):433-451.
Matthew Boyle (2009). Two Kinds of Self-Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (1):133-164.
Gail Fine (2010). Aristotle's Two Worlds: Knowledge and Belief inPosterior Analytics 1.33. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (3pt3):323-346.
Stephen Hetherington (2001). Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads99 ( #17,642 of 1,696,561 )
Recent downloads (6 months)38 ( #8,039 of 1,696,561 )
How can I increase my downloads?