Analogieschlüsse in der chemischen Vergangenheit: Irrwege und Wegweiser

Reasoning by analogy in chemical history: fallacies and guidelines. In chemistry (and natural science in general) reasoning in terms of analogy may be of great practical values as well as of theoretical significance. At the same time, however, the use of analogy is risky and the results are uncertain. In alchemy and iatrochemistry analogies between the living and the non-living nature have been carried too far. At the end of the 19th century an analogy was drawn between chemical phenomena and the Darwinian theory of evolution. Another example of an overexaggerated analogy can be found in Lavoisier’s theory of acids, where oxygen was considered to be the general principle of acidity. Reasoning by analogy is mostly based on an inner conviction. It leads to provisional predictions in such cases where the required facts are not or incompletely at our disposal
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/BF02915001
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index Translate to english
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 23,201
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Eduard Färber (1950). Chemical Discoveries by Means of Analogies. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 41:20-26.
Werner Kümmel (1989). . Einführung In Das Thema. Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 12 (1):1-6.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Lindley Darden (1982). Artificial Intelligence and Philosophy of Science: Reasoning by Analogy in Theory Construction. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:147 - 165.
Joshua P. Hochschild (2005). The Rest of Cajetan's Analogy Theory. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):341-356.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (1984). Inductive Analogy in Carnapian Spirit. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:157 - 167.
Raimo Tuomela (1980). Analogy and Distance. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 11 (2):276-291.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

4 ( #626,606 of 1,940,976 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

3 ( #272,533 of 1,940,976 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.