The dissociation paradigm and its discontents: How can unconscious perception or memory be inferred?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):107-116 (2004)
Erdelyi does us all a great service by his customarily incisive discussion of the various ways in which our field tends to neglect, confuse, and misunderstand numerous critical issues in attempting to differentiate conscious from unconscious perception and memory. Although no single commentary could hope to comprehensively assess these issues, I will address Erdelyi’s three main points: How the dissociation paradigm can be used to validly infer unconscious perception; The implications of below-chance effects; and The role of time. I suggest that significant progress on construct validity issues is possible; below-chance effects are part of a more general bidirectional phenomenon, very likely unconscious, and do not threaten absolute subliminality; and practice/learning effects pose potential difficulties for time-based dissociation paradigms
|Keywords||*Dissociation *Subliminal Perception *Subliminal Stimulation *Time|
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Citations of this work BETA
Hilde Haider, Alexandra Eichler & Thorsten Lange (2011). An Old Problem: How Can We Distinguish Between Conscious and Unconscious Knowledge Acquired in an Implicit Learning Task? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):658-672.
Robert F. Bornstein (2004). Subliminality, Consciousness, and Temporal Shifts in Awareness: Implications Within and Beyond the Laboratory. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):613-18.
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