David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind and Language 27 (3):229-238 (2012)
I consider three theses that are friendly to anthropomorphism. Each makes a claim about what can be inferred about the mental life of chimpanzees from the fact that humans and chimpanzees both have behavioral trait B and humans produce this behavior by having mental trait M. The first thesis asserts that this fact makes it probable that chimpanzees have M. The second says that this fact provides strong evidence that chimpanzees have M. The third claims that the fact is evidence that chimpanzees have M. The third thesis follows from a plausible Reichenbachian model of how a common ancestor is probabilistically related to its descendants. The first two theses do not, and they have no general evolutionary justification
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References found in this work BETA
Elliott Sober (2008). Evidence and Evolution: The Logic Behind the Science. Cambridge University Press.
Daniel J. Povinelli & Jennifer Vonk (2003). Chimpanzee Minds: Suspiciously Human? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):157-160.
Branden Fitelson (1999). The Plurality of Bayesian Measures of Confirmation and the Problem of Measure Sensitivity. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):378.
Elliott Sober (1992). Reconstructing the Past: Parsimony, Evolution, and Inference. Philosophical Review 101 (3):725-729.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Roche (2013). Povinelli's Problem and Introspection. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):559-576.
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