David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):223-250 (2011)
Markov models of evolution describe changes in the probability distribution of the trait values a population might exhibit. In consequence, they also describe how entropy and conditional entropy values evolve, and how the mutual information that characterizes the relation between an earlier and a later moment in a lineage’s history depends on how much time separates them. These models therefore provide an interesting perspective on questions that usually are considered in the foundations of physics—when and why does entropy increase and at what rates do changes in entropy take place? They also throw light on an important epistemological question: are there limits on what your observations of the present can tell you about the evolutionary past?
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References found in this work BETA
Martin Barrett & Elliott Sober (1994). The Second Law of Probability Dynamics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):941-953.
D. R. Brooks (1988). Evolution as Entropy: Toward a Unified Theory of Biology. University of Chicago Press.
Geoffrey Grimmett & David Stirzaker (2001). Probability and Random Processes. Oxford University Press.
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Elliott Sober & Martin Barrett (1992). Conjunctive Forks and Temporally Asymmetric Inference. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (1):1 – 23.
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