David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (3):513-550 (2013)
We begin by considering two principles, each having the form causal completeness ergo screening-off. The first concerns a common cause of two or more effects; the second describes an intermediate link in a causal chain. They are logically independent of each other, each is independent of Reichenbach's principle of the common cause, and each is a consequence of the causal Markov condition. Simple examples show that causal incompleteness means that screening-off may fail to obtain. We derive a stronger result: in a rather general setting, if the composite cause C1 & C2 & … & Cn screens-off one event from another, then each of the n component causes C1, C2, …, Cn must fail to screen-off. The idea that a cause may be ordinally invariant in its impact on different effects is defined; it plays an important role in establishing this no-go theorem. Along the way, we describe how composite and component causes can all screen-off when ordinal invariance fails. We argue that this theorem is relevant to assessing the plausibility of the two screening-off principles. The discovery of incomplete causes that screen-off is not evidence that causal completeness must engender screening-off. Formal and epistemic analogies between screening-off and determinism are discussed. 1 Introduction2 Influence and Non-degeneracy Conditions3 A No-Go Theorem for Two Dichotomous Causes and its Limitations4 A More General No-Go Theorem: Allowing Several Causes, Possibly Non-dichotomous5 Examples Illustrating Corollary 3 and Theorem 5a6 Determinism and Screening-Off: Disanalogy and AnalogyAppendix
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Elliott Sober (1992). Screening-Off and the Units of Selection. Philosophy of Science 59 (1):142-152.
Rob Clifton & Laura Ruetsche (1999). Changing the Subject: Redei on Causal Dependence and Screening Off in Relativistic Quantum Field Theory. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):169.
Daniel Steel (2005). Indeterminism and the Causal Markov Condition. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):3-26.
Sahin Aksoy (2001). Antenatal Screening and its Possible Meaning From Unborn Baby's Perspective. BMC Medical Ethics 2 (1):1-11.
Ingrid Burger & Nancy Kass (2009). Screening in the Dark: Ethical Considerations of Providing Screening Tests to Individuals When Evidence is Insufficient to Support Screening Populations. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):3-14.
David Atkinson & Jeanne Peijnenburg (2013). Transitivity and Partial Screening Off. Theoria 79 (4):294-308.
Lucinda Vandervort (2006). Reproductive Choice: Screening Policy and Access to the Means of Reproduction. Human Rights Quarterly 28 (2):438-464.
Thomas Müller (2005). Probability Theory and Causation: A Branching Space-Times Analysis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):487 - 520.
Victoria Seavilleklein (2009). Challenging the Rhetoric of Choice in Prenatal Screening. Bioethics 23 (1):68-77.
Leslie E. Blumenson (1987). How Would a Latent Period for Early Breast Cancer Affect the Benefit of Screening? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):169-182.
Yvonne Lau & Chrystal Jaye (2009). The 'Obligation' to Screen and its Effect on Autonomy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):495-505.
Iain Martel (2008). The Principle of the Common Cause, the Causal Markov Condition, and Quantum Mechanics: Comments on Cartwright. In Luc Bovens, Carl Hoefer & Stephan Hartmann (eds.), Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge. 242-262.
Aisling Sheehan & Hannah McGee (2013). Screening for Depression in Medical Research: Ethical Challenges and Recommendations. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):1-4.
Added to index2012-11-29
Total downloads40 ( #45,329 of 1,100,127 )
Recent downloads (6 months)28 ( #6,578 of 1,100,127 )
How can I increase my downloads?