David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 59 (3):439-455 (1992)
The work of Tversky, Kahneman and others suggests that people often make use of cognitive heuristics such as availability, salience and representativeness in their reasoning and decision making. Through use of a historical example--the recent plate tectonics revolution in geology--I argue that such heuristics play a crucial role in scientific decision making also. I suggest how these heuristics are to be considered, along with noncognitive factors (such as motivation and social structures) when drawing historical and epistemological conclusions. The normative perspective is community-wide, contextual, and instrumental
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Kevin J. S. Zollman (2010). The Epistemic Benefit of Transient Diversity. Erkenntnis 72 (1):17 - 35.
P. Thagard (1993). Societies of Minds: Science as Distributed Computing. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (1):49-67.
Michael Weisberg (2013). Modeling Herding Behavior and its Risks. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (1):6 - 18.
Similar books and articles
Husain Sarkar (2007). Group Rationality in Scientific Research. Cambridge University Press.
Tobias Starzak (2012). Papineau's Theoretical Rationality and the Anthropological Difference. Philosophia 40 (3):473-482.
Miriam Solomon (1994). Multivariate Models of Scientific Change. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:287 - 297.
Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West (2000). Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):645-665.
Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer (2000). Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
Nigel Harvey (2007). Use of Heuristics: Insights From Forecasting Research. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (1):5 – 24.
Gregg E. A. Solomon (2000). Heuristics and Development: Getting Even Smarter. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):763-764.
Gerd Gigerenzer & Thomas Sturm (2012). How (Far) Can Rationality Be Naturalized? Synthese 187 (1):243-268.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #68,133 of 1,140,268 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #38,047 of 1,140,268 )
How can I increase my downloads?