David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (2):235 - 280 (1978)
A uniform analysis is offered for the source of the locations specified by all references in English to spatial properties including location and movement. This source is argued to be the location of events and states of affairs. These locations are specified by sets showing spaces momentarily occupied. Descriptions of motion are accounted for through a variety of ways of referencing these sets. Some classes of simple clauses are identified as requiring semantic analysis involving multiple events and states of affairs. This importantly allows spatial references to be associated with different events and states of affairs. Identification of object location is accounted for by use of extra inference rules or meaning postulates. A number of other explanations are suggested for more limited and derivative phenomena. The analysis is developed within a Case-like notation presented in the first-order predicate calculus. It is supported by an extensive analysis of spatial reference phenomena and by identification of ancillary benefits.
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References found in this work BETA
Noam Chomsky (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. The MIT Press.
Donald Davidson (1967). The Logical Form of Action Sentences. In Nicholas Rescher (ed.), The Logic of Decision and Action. University of Pittsburgh Press
Carl G. Hempel, Donald Davidson & Nicholas Rescher (eds.) (1970). Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel. Dordrecht,D. Reidel.
R. H. Robins & John Lyons (1969). Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Philosophical Quarterly 19 (77):371.
Gilbert Harman (1972). Logical Form. Foundations of Language 9 (1):38-65.
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