David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Contemporary Buddhism 4 (2):111-127 (2003)
Introduction Na?ga?rjuna, the most well-known Buddhist thinker after the Buddha himself, points out in his famous Mu?lamadhyamakaka?rika? that ?The Buddha's teachings of the Dharma is based on the two truths: a truth of worldly conventions and an ultimate truth? (XXIV:8). This doctrine of the two truths does indeed lie at the very heart of Buddhism. More particularly, the phenomenological and soteriological discourses in the Ma?dhyamika tradition revolve around ideas concerning the two truths. Central to the doctrine is the concept that all phenomena possess dual characteristics?conventional and ultimate. The former, defined as the mode of phenomenal appearance, is the conventional truth; while the latter, defined as the ultimate mode of being, is the ultimate truth. This paper examines the ways in which these two truths are related from the Tibetan Pra?sangika Ma?dhyamika perspective, and argues that there are two radically distinct Tibetan ways of reading and interpreting the issues surrounding them. It does so by comparing the ccounts of Tsong khapa Blo bzang Grags pa (hereafter Tsong khapa, 1357?1423 A.D.) and Go rampa bSod nams Senge's (hereafter Go rampa 1429-1489 A.D.), and focuses on the way in which the two truths are related. It will be argued that, for Tsong khapa, the two truths constitute a ?single ontological identity? (ngo bo gcig) with ?different conceptual identities? (ldog pa tha dad), whereas for Go rampa, the truths are separate in a way that is ?incompatible with their unity? (gcig pa bkag pa'i tha dad) or identity
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
D. M. Armstrong (2004). Truth and Truthmakers. Cambridge University Press.
Jeffrey Roland & Jon Cogburn (2011). Anti-Luck Epistemologies and Necessary Truths. Philosophia 39 (3):547-561.
James Blumenthal (2009). Dynamic and Syncretic Dimensions to Ntarak Ita's Presentation of the Two Truths. Asian Philosophy 19 (1):51 – 62.
James Blumenthal (2011). Dynamic and Syncretic Dimensions to Śāntarakṣita's Presentation of the Two Truths. Asian Philosophy 19 (1):51-62.
Sonam Thakchoe (2004). How Many Truths? Are There Two Truths or One in the Tibetan Prāsa[Ndot]Gika Madhyamaka? Contemporary Buddhism 5 (2):121-141.
Guy Newland (2001). “Will This Potato Grow?”. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:61-72.
Sonam Thakchoe (2007). The Two Truths Debate: Tsongkhapa and Gorampa on the Middle Way. Wisdom Publications.
Sonam Thakchoe (2005). 'Transcendental Knowledge'in Tibetan Mādhyamika Epistemology. Contemporary Buddhism 6 (2):131-152.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads7 ( #192,777 of 1,100,122 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #304,144 of 1,100,122 )
How can I increase my downloads?