Ontological and conceptual relativity and the self
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press (2003)
This chapter takes up, in six sections, issues of realism and of ontological and conceptual relativity. Section 1 briefly lays out the kind of absolutist realism of interest in what follows. Section 2 considers arguments against ordinary commonsense entities such as bodies, and for the view that subjects enjoy a superior ontological position. No such argument is found persuasive. I find no good argument against ordinary bodies or other common-sense entities, nor any good argument that subjects enjoy any ontological superiority. Section 3 lays out three options in ontology, opts for a kind of conceptual relativism, and takes up three problems for the proposed view. Section 4 then offers a compromise position based on a kind of existential relativity meant to accommodate our most settled beliefs about what there is, while retaining a fundamentally realist and objectivist ontology. The main argument of that section relies on a distinction between semantical relativity and ontological relativity. Section 5 defends my use of the semantical-ontological distinction against objections to it in the recent literature. Section 6, in conclusion, takes up arguments for the view that, as subjects of consciousness and thought, we must after all occupy a special ontological position in objective reality, one whose status remains mysterious
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Thomas Bartelborth (1993). Hierarchy Versus Holism: A Structuralist View on General Relativity. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 39 (3):383 - 412.
Edward Slowik, Spacetime, Structural Realism, and the Substantival/Relational Debate: An Ontological Investigation From the Perspective of Structural Realism in the Philosophy of Mathematics.
Willard Orman Quinvane (1996). Ontological Relativity. In Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. Columbia University Press. 36-36.
Yuval Steinitz (1994). Contradictions Are Ontological Arguments. Religious Studies 30 (4):505 - 509.
Antonio Dieguez (2012). Kitcher's Modest Realism: The Reconceptualization of Scientific Objectivity. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):141-169.
Robert T. Lehe (1998). Realism and Reality. Journal of Philosophical Research 23:219-237.
Amie L. Thomasson (2009). The Easy Approach to Ontology. Axiomathes 19 (1):1-15.
Michael Tye (2009). Representationalist Theories of Consciousness. In B. McLaughlin & A. Beckermann (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. Oxford University Press.
Uriah Kriegel (2011). Two Defenses of Common-Sense Ontology. Dialectica 65 (2):177-204.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads1 ( #498,910 of 1,410,123 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,589 of 1,410,123 )
How can I increase my downloads?