David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 20 (3):33 - 43 (1969)
The received definition of knowledge (as true, evident belief) has recently been questioned by Edmund Gettier with an example whose principle is as follows. A proposition, p, is both evident to and accepted by someone S, who sees that its truth entails (would entail) (that either p is true or q is true). This last is thereby made evident to him, and he accepts it, but it happens to be true only because q is true, since p is in fact false. Hence, inasmuch as he has no evidence for the proposition q, S can hardly be said to know (that either p is true or q is true). Here then is a formula for true, evident beliefs that are not cases of knowledge. I discuss the possibility of adding a fourth condition to this triad.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Keith Lehrer (1965). Knowledge, Truth and Evidence. Analysis 25 (5):168 - 175.
Roderick M. Chisholm (1963). The Logic of Knowing. Journal of Philosophy 60 (25):773-795.
Gilbert H. Harman (1966). Lehrer on Knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 63 (9):241-247.
Citations of this work BETA
Hector-Neri Castaneda (1980). The Theory of Questions, Epistemic Powers, and the Indexical Theory of Knowledge. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):193-238.
Similar books and articles
James Beebe (2011). A Priori Skepticism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (3):583 - 602.
Jason Baehr (2009). Is There a Value Problem? In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford University Press 42--59.
Rik Peels (2011). Ignorance is Lack of True Belief: A Rejoinder to Le Morvan. Philosophia 39 (2):345-355.
Wayne D. Riggs (2002). Reliability and the Value of Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):79-96.
Stephen Hetherington, Gettier Problems. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Richard Foley, A Trial Separation Between the Theory of Knowledge and the Theory of Justified Belief.
Patrick Hawley (2007). Skepticism and the Value of Knowledge. In Chienkuo Mi Ruey-lin Chen (ed.), Naturalized Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #120,994 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #231,316 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?