David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy Compass 4 (6):926-937 (2009)
This article provides a critical introduction to contractualism as a moral or ethical theory, that is, as a theory of the rightness and wrongness of individual conduct – focusing specifically on the influential 'Kantian' version of contractualism due to T. M. Scanlon. I begin by elucidating the key features of Scanlon's contractualism: justifiability to others; reasonable rejectability; the individualist restriction; and mutual recognition. I then turn to discuss both its appeal and the main objections that have been raised to it – objections concerning our duties to the cognitively limited and impaired, aggregation, demandingness, normativity and explanatory adequacy. I conclude by mentioning some contractualist alternatives to Scanlon's theory.
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References found in this work BETA
Elizabeth Ashford (2003). The Demandingness of Scanlon's Contractualism. Ethics 113 (2):273-302.
Brian M. Barry (1995). Justice as Impartiality. Oxford University Press.
Mark Bernstein (1997). Contractualism and Animals. Philosophical Studies 86 (1):49-72.
Jeffrey Brand‐Ballard (2004). Contractualism and Deontic Restrictions. Ethics 114 (2):269-300.
John Broome (1984). Selecting People Randomly. Ethics 95 (1):38-55.
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