David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):119-127 (2009)
The risk posed to the community by possible xenozoonosis after xenotransplantation suggests that some form of 'community consent' is required before whole organ animal-to-human xenotransplantation should take place. I argue that this requirement places greater obstacles in the path of ethical xenotransplantation than has previously been recognised. The relevant community is global and there are no existing institutions with democratic credentials sufficient to establish this consent. The distribution of the risks and benefits from xenotransplantation also means that consent is unlikely to be forthcoming. Proceeding on the basis of hypothetical consent to a package of global health measures that includes xenotransplantation, as Rothblatt has recently advocated, is more problematic than she acknowledges. Given that it may place the lives of citizens of poor nations at risk to benefit the citizens of wealthy nations, xenotransplantation raises significant questions of international justice.
|Keywords||Xenozoonosis Xenotransplatation ethics justice risk consent|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jay A. Fishman (1996). Regulation of Xenotransplantation: Are We Asking the Right Questions? Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):483-485.
Jonathan Hughes (2007). Justice and Third Party Risk: The Ethics of Xenotransplantation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):151–168.
J. Hughes (1998). Xenografting: Ethical Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):18-24.
Josie Fisher (1999). An Expedient and Ethical Alternative to Xenotransplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):31-39.
Laura Williamson, Marie Fox & Sheila McLean, The Regulation of Xenotransplantation in the United Kingdom After UKXIRA: Legal and Ethical Issues.
Edna F. Einsiedel & Heather Ross (2002). Animal Spare Parts? A Canadian Public Consultation on Xenotransplantation. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):579-591.
Peta Cook (2011). What Constitutes Adequate Public Consultation? Xenotransplantation Proceeds in Australia. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):67-70.
M. Sheehan (2011). Can Broad Consent Be Informed Consent? Public Health Ethics 4 (3):226-235.
Jordy Rocheleau (2007). State Consent Vs. Human Rights as Foundations for International Law. Social Philosophy Today 23:117-132.
Jeffrey H. Barker & Lauren Polcrack (2001). Respect for Persons, Informed Consent Andthe Assessment of Infectious Disease Risks in Xenotransplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):53-70.
Added to index2009-03-24
Total downloads30 ( #132,656 of 1,907,355 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #466,442 of 1,907,355 )
How can I increase my downloads?