David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognition 20 (3):191-208 (1985)
A new method was devised to test object permanence in young infants. Fivemonth-old infants were habituated to a screen that moved back and forth through a 180-degree arc, in the manner of a drawbridge. After infants reached habituation, a box was centered behind the screen. Infants were shown two test events: a possible event and an impossible event. In the possible event, the screen stopped when it reached the occluded box; in the impossible event, the screen moved through the space occupied by the box. The results indicated that infants looked reliably longer at the impossible than at the possible event. This hnding suggested that infants (1) understood that the box continued to exist, in its same location, after it was occluded by the screen, and (2) expected the screen to stop against the occluded box and were surprised, or puzzled, when it failed to do so. A control experiment in which the box was placed next to the screen provided support for this interpretation of the results. Together, the results of these experiments indicate that, contrary to Piaget’s (1954) claims, infants as young as 5 months of age understand that objects continue to exist when occluded. The results, also indicate that 5-month-old infants realize that solid objects do not move through the space occupied by other solid objects.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
T. G. R. Bower & Jennifer G. Wishart (1972). The Effects of Motor Skill on Object Permanence. Cognition 1 (2-3):165-172.
Citations of this work BETA
Robin Jeshion (2009). The Significance of Names. Mind and Language 24 (4):370-403.
Xiang Chen (2007). The Object Bias and the Study of Scientific Revolutions: Lessons From Developmental Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):479 – 503.
Alison Gopnik (1988). Conceptual and Semantic Development as Theory Change: The Case of Object Permanence. Mind and Language 3 (3):197-216.
Christopher S. Hill (2011). Can Carey Answer Quine? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):132-133.
Similar books and articles
Elizabeth Spelke (2005). Chronometric Studies of Numerical Cognition in Five-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 97 (1):23-39.
B. Elsner & G. Aschersleben (2003). Do I Get What You Get? Learning About the Effects of Self-Performed and Observed Actions in Infancy. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):732-751.
P. W. Jusczyk, S. P. Johnson, E. S. Spelke & L. J. Kennedy (1999). Synchronous Change and Perception of Object Unity: Evidence From Adults and Infants. Cognition 71 (3):257-88.
Frank Keil (2008). Biases Towards Internal Features in Infants' Reasoning About Objects. Cognition 107 (2):420-432.
In Kyeong Kim & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Infants' Sensitivity to Effects of Gravity on Visible Object Motion.
Philip J. Kellman & Elizabeth S. Spelke (1983). Perception of Partly Occluded Objects in Infancy* 1. Cognitive Psychology 15 (4):483â524.
Added to index2010-02-20
Total downloads81 ( #20,172 of 1,410,267 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,267 )
How can I increase my downloads?