David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
This article considers 3 claims that cognitive sex differ- ences account for the differential representation of men and women in high-level careers in mathematics and sci- ence: (a) males are more focused on objects from the beginning of life and therefore are predisposed to better learning about mechanical systems; (b) males have a pro- ﬁle of spatial and numerical abilities producing greater aptitude for mathematics; and (c) males are more variable in their cognitive abilities and therefore predominate at the upper reaches of mathematical talent. Research on cogni- tive development in human infants, preschool children, and students at all levels fails to support these claims. Instead, it provides evidence that mathematical and scientiﬁc rea- soning develop from a set of biologically based cognitive capacities that males and females share. These capacities lead men and women to develop equal talent for mathe- matics and science.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Catherine Vidal (2012). The Sexed Brain: Between Science and Ideology. Neuroethics 5 (3):295-303.
Timothy Krahn & Andrew Fenton (2012). The Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism and the Potential Adverse Effects for Boys and Girls with Autism. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):93-103.
Sigrid Schmitz (2012). The Neurotechnological Cerebral Subject: Persistence of Implicit and Explicit Gender Norms in a Network of Change. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 5 (3):261-274.
Similar books and articles
Elizabeth S. Spelke (2005). Sex Differences in Intrinsic Aptitude for Mathematics and Science? A Critical Review. American Psychologist 60 (9):950-958.
Stephen C. Maxson (1999). Some Reflections on Sex Differences in Aggression and Violence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):232-233.
Dario Maestripieri & Kelly A. Carroll (1999). Costs and Benefits of Female Aggressiveness in Humans and Other Mammals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):231-232.
R. Elisabeth Cornwell, Craig T. Palmer & Hasker P. Davis (2000). More Women (and Men) That Never Evolved. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):598-599.
Sean R. Valentine & Terri L. Rittenburg (2007). The Ethical Decision Making of Men and Women Executives in International Business Situations. Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):125 - 134.
Myra J. Hird (2004). Sex, Gender, and Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
Stephen Beckerman (1999). Violence, Sex, and the Good Mother. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):215-216.
Deborah S. Mower (2009). Sex Differences in Moral Interests: The Role of Kinship and the Nature of Reciprocity. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):111-119.
Fenna van Nes (2011). Mathematics Education and Neurosciences: Towards Interdisciplinary Insights Into the Development of Young Children's Mathematical Abilities. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):75-80.
Cordelia Fine (2012). Explaining, or Sustaining, the Status Quo? The Potentially Self-Fulfilling Effects of 'Hardwired' Accounts of Sex Differences. Neuroethics 5 (3):285-294.
Sharon Galbraith & Harriet Buckman Stephenson (1993). Decision Rules Used by Male and Female Business Students in Making Ethical Value Judgments: Another Look. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (3):227 - 233.
John Lazarus (2005). Sociosexuality and Sex Ratio: Sex Differences and Local Markets. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):288-288.
Alice H. Eagly & Wendy Wood (1999). The Origins of Aggression Sex Differences: Evolved Dispositions Versus Social Roles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):223-224.
John Marshall Townsend (1999). Extraversion, Sexual Experience, and Sexual Emotions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):537-537.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads9 ( #165,606 of 1,101,879 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?