O Itinerário Filosófico de Anselmo de Cantuária

Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 64 (1):241 - 273 (2008)
Abstract
No presente artigo, o itinerário filosófico de Anselmo de Cantuária é descrito em quatro tópicos: o primeiro, sobre a sua vida de monge, suas obras e a sua habilidade dialéctica; o segundo, sobre a Ontologia e a teoria dos universais; o terceiro, sobre a teoria da verdade e da significação; o quarto, sobre a Ética ou a fundamentação do agir humano. Além desses quatro tópicos, o seu itinerário filosófico também é descrito levando-se em conta: a) os autores dos quais se serviu (particularmente Platão e Aristóteles); b) a sua mestria na Escolástica (sobretudo por ter indicado as estratégias dialéctica e retórica adequadas ao exercício da racionalidade cristã). /// The present article attempts to describe Anselm of Canterbury's philosophical itinerary in accordance with the following four points: 1) his life as a monk, his works and his dialectical skills; 2) his ontology and theory of universais; 3) his theory of truth and of meaning; 4) his ethical theory and foundation of human action. The article also pays attention to the authors used by Anselm, especially Plato and Aristotle, as well as to his mastery of the scholastic method, whereby special attention is given to the dialectic and rhetoric strategy he found most suitable to the practice of Christian rationality.
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