David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The paper attempts to rationalize cooperation in the one-shot prisoners' dilemma (PD). It starts by introducing (and preliminarily investigating) a new kind of equilibrium (differing from Aumann's correlated equilibria) according to which the players' actions may be correlated (sect. 2). In PD the Pareto-optimal among these equilibria is joint cooperation. Since these equilibria seem to contradict causal preconceptions, the paper continues with a standard analysis of the causal structure of decision situations (sect. 3). The analysis then raises to a reflexive point of view according to which the agent integrates his own present and future decision situations into the causal picture of his situation (sect. 4). This reflexive structure is first applied to the toxin puzzle and then to Newcomb's problem, showing a way to rationalize drinking the toxin and taking only one box with-out assuming causal mystery (sect. 5). The latter result is finally extended to a rationalization of cooperation in PD (sect. 6).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Wolfgang Spohn (2012). Reversing 30 Years of Discussion: Why Causal Decision Theorists Should One-Box. Synthese 187 (1):95-122.
Similar books and articles
Paul Horwich (1985). Decision Theory in Light of Newcomb's Problem. Philosophy of Science 52 (3):431-450.
Julius Sensat (1997). Game Theory and Rational Decision. Erkenntnis 47 (3):379-410.
Patrick Maher (1990). Symptomatic Acts and the Value of Evidence in Causal Decision Theory. Philosophy of Science 57 (3):479-498.
John Cantwell (2010). On an Alleged Counter-Example to Causal Decision Theory. Synthese 173 (2):127-152.
William Harper (1988). Decisions, Games and Equilibrium Solutions. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:344 - 362.
Prakash P. Shenoy (1998). Game Trees For Decision Analysis. Theory and Decision 44 (2):149-171.
Subhadip Chakrabarti, Robert P. Gilles & Emiliya A. Lazarova (2011). Strategic Behavior Under Partial Cooperation. Theory and Decision 71 (2):175-193.
Christoph Schmidt-Petri (2005). Newcomb's Problem and Repeated Prisoners' Dilemmas. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1160-1173.
Wolfgang Spohn (2007). Dependency Equilibria. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):775-789.
Added to index2010-07-24
Total downloads15 ( #199,613 of 1,780,154 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,056 of 1,780,154 )
How can I increase my downloads?