How are Mathematical Objects Constituted? A Structuralist Answer

Abstract
The paper proposes to amend structuralism in mathematics by saying what places in a structure and thus mathematical objects are. They are the objects of the canonical system realizing a categorical structure, where that canonical system is a minimal system in a specific essentialistic sense. It would thus be a basic ontological axiom that such a canonical system always exists. This way of conceiving mathematical objects is underscored by a defense of an essentialistic version of Leibniz’ principle according to which each object is uniquely characterized by its proper and possibly relational essence (where “proper” means “not referring to identity").
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