David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):93-103 (2013)
Bioethics laws in France have just undergone a revision process. The bioethics debate is often cast in terms of ethical principles and norms resisting emerging social and technological practices. This leads to the expression of confrontational attitudes based on widely differing interpretations of the same principles and values, and ultimately results in a deadlock. In this paper I would like to argue that focusing on values, as opposed to norms and principles, provides an interesting perspective on the evolution of norms. As Joseph Raz has convincingly argued, “life-building” values and practices are closely intertwined. Precisely because values have a more indeterminate meaning than norms, they can be cited as reasons for action by concerned stakeholders, and thus can help us understand how controversial practices, e.g. surrogate motherhood, can be justified. Finally, norms evolve when the interpretations of the relevant values shift and cause a change in the presumptions implicit in the norms. Thus, norms are not a prerequisite of the ethical solution of practical dilemmas, but rather the outcome of the decision-making process itself. Struggling to reach the right decision in controversial clinical ethics situations indirectly causes social and moral values to change and principles to be understood differently
|Keywords||Bioethics norms Values Practice Presumption Interpretation Clinical ethics Bioethics debate France Dignity Living organ donation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Shaun Nichols (2002). On The Genealogy Of Norms: A Case For The Role Of Emotion In Cultural Evolution. Philosophy of Science 69 (2):234-255.
Joseph Raz (2003). The Practice of Value. Oxford University Press.
Joseph Raz (2001). Value, Respect, and Attachment. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas Scanlon (1998). What We Owe to Each Other. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Edna Ullmann-Margalit (1990). Revision of Norms. Ethics 100 (4):756-767.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sven Ove Hansson (2001). The Structure of Values and Norms. Cambridge University Press.
Kumar C. Rallapalli, Scott J. Vitell & Sheryl Szeinbach (2000). Marketers' Norms and Personal Values: An Empirical Study of Marketing Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):65 - 75.
Wibren Van der Burg & Frans Brom (2000). Legislation on Ethical Issues: Towards an Interactive Paradigm. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (1):57-75.
Wibren Van Der Burg & Frans W. A. Brom (2000). Legislation on Ethical Issues: Towards an Interactive Paradigm. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (1):57 - 75.
Denis Berthiau (2013). Law, Bioethics and Practice in France: Forging a New Legislative Pact. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):105-113.
Ryan Burg (2009). Deliberative Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):665 - 683.
Kenneth Sayre (1991). An Alternative View of Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 13 (3):195-213.
Gerald F. Cavanagh (2006). American Business Values: A Global Perspective. Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Onora O'Neill (2007). Normativity and Practical Judgement. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):393-405.
Dietmar Pfordten (2012). Five Elements of Normative Ethics - A General Theory of Normative Individualism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):449-471.
Edwin M. Hartman (2009). Principles and Hypernorms. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):707 - 716.
Abraham Fuks, James Brawer & J. Donald Boudreau (2012). The Foundation of Physicianship. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (1):114-126.
Bjørg Lien Hanssen (2001). Ethics and Landscape: Values and Choices. Ethics, Place and Environment 4 (3):246 – 252.
Added to index2012-04-03
Total downloads4 ( #289,172 of 1,410,434 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,434 )
How can I increase my downloads?