Darwin's analogy between artificial and natural selection: how does it go?

Abstract
The analogy Darwin drew between artificial and natural selection in "On the Origin of Species" has a detailed structure that has not been appreciated. In Darwin’s analogy, the kind of artificial selection called Methodical selection is analogous to the principle of divergence in nature, and the kind of artificial selection called Unconscious selection is analogous to the principle of extinction in nature. This paper argues that it is the analogy between these two different principles familiar from his studies of artificial selection and the two different principles he claims are operative in nature that provides the main structure and force of the analogy he uses to make his case for the power of natural selection to produce new species. Darwin’s statements explicitly distinguishing between these two kinds of principles at work in nature occur prominently in the text of the Origin. The paper also shows that a recent revisionist claim that Darwin did not appeal to the efficacy of artificial selection is mistaken
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Citations of this work BETA
Andrea Sullivan-Clarke (2013). On the Causal Efficacy of Natural Selection: A Response to Richards' Critique of the Standard Interpretation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):745-755.
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C. Kenneth Waters (1986). Taking Analogical Inference Seriously: Darwin's Argument From Artificial Selection. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:502 - 513.
Jerry Fodor (2008). Against Darwinism. Mind and Language 23 (1):1–24.
Lindley Darden (1982). Artificial Intelligence and Philosophy of Science: Reasoning by Analogy in Theory Construction. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:147 - 165.
Santiago Ginnobili (2011). Selección artificial, selección sexual, selección natural. Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 2 (1):61-78.
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