David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):443-470 (1998)
Gayon's recent claim that Buffon developed a concept of species as physical individuals is critically examined and rejected. Also critically examined and rejected is Gayon's more central thesis that as a consequence of his analysis of Buffon's species concept, and also of Darwin's species concept, it is clear that modern evolutionary theory does not require species to be physical individuals. While I agree with Gayon's conclusion that modern evolutionary theory does not require species to be physical individuals, I disagree with his reasons and instead provide logical rather than historical reasons for the same conclusion.
|Keywords||Buffon Darwin Gayon species individuality evolution|
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Stephane Schmitt (2010). Lacepède's Syncretic Contribution to the Debates on Natural History in France Around 1800. Journal of the History of Biology 43 (3):429 - 457.
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