David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Brandon Look (ed.), Leibniz and Kant (forthcoming)
In this paper I address a structurally similar tension between phenomenalism and realism about matter in Leibniz and Kant. In both philosophers, some texts suggest a starkly phenomenalist view of the ontological status of matter, while other texts suggest a more robust realism. In the first part of the paper I address a recent paper by Don Rutherford that argues that Leibniz is more of a realist than previous commentators have allowed. I argue that Rutherford fails to show that Leibniz is any less an idealist than his main target, Robert Merrihew Adams, does. I distinguish various kinds of idealism about bodies that Leibniz might have held, and attempt to determine which package of views represents his considered view. In the second part of the paper I situate Kant’s idealism within the same coordinates. I argue that, abstracting from deep differences in their metaphysics and epistemology, Kant and Leibniz have structurally very similar views on the ontological status of matter and bodies. I conclude that the key to understanding the realist strand in their ontology of matter is understanding the way in which, for both thinkers, the forces in bodies are appearances of forces of more fundamental entities, either monads or things in themselves.
|Keywords||Leibniz Kant Idealism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Brandon C. Look (2010). Leibniz's Metaphysics and Metametaphysics: Idealism, Realism, and the Nature of Substance. Philosophy Compass 5 (11):871-879.
Antonio-Maria Nunziante & Alberto Vanzo (2009). Representing Subjects, Mind-Dependent Objects: Kant, Leibniz, and the Amphiboly. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):133-151.
Candice S. Goad (2000). Leibniz's Early Views on Matter, Modes, and God. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:261-273.
Gustavo Sarmiento (2005). On Kant’s Definition of the Monad in the Monadologia Physica of 1756. Kant-Studien 96 (1):1-19.
Michael Futch (2006). Leibniz on Time and Substance. Idealistic Studies 36 (2):109-122.
Rebecca J. Lloyd (2008). Situating Time in the Leibnizian Hierarchy of Beings. Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):245-260.
Andrew D. H. Stumpf (2012). Harmonizing Leibniz's Ontology. Dialogue 51 (3):467-483.
Charles Parsons (2010). Gödel and Philosophical Idealism. Philosophia Mathematica 18 (2):166-192.
Stephen Puryear (2012). Motion in Leibniz's Middle Years: A Compatibilist Approach. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 6:135-170.
Shane Duarte (2009). Leibniz and the Fardella Memo. Studia Leibnitiana 41 (1):67-87.
Nigel DeSouza (2012). Leibniz in the Eighteenth Century: Herder's Critical Reflections on the Principles of Nature and Grace. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (4):1-23.
Lucy Allais (2003). Kant's Transcendental Idealism and Contemporary Anti-Realism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (4):369 – 392.
Anja Jauernig (2008). Kant's Critique of the Leibnizian Philosophy : Contra the Leibnizians, but Pro Leibniz. In Daniel Garber & Béatrice Longuenesse (eds.), Kant and the Early Moderns. Princeton University Press. 41-63.
Ohad Nachtomy (2012). Leibniz and Kant on Possibility and Existence. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (5):953-972.
Added to index2012-07-19
Total downloads138 ( #8,235 of 1,679,368 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #23,406 of 1,679,368 )
How can I increase my downloads?