Benefit versus numbers versus helping the worst-off: An alternative to the prevalent approach to the just distribution of resources

Utilitas 20 (3):356-382 (2008)
Abstract
A central strand in philosophical debate over the just distribution of resources attempts to juggle three competing imperatives: helping those who are worst off, helping those who will benefit the most, and then determining when to aggregate such and claims, and when instead to treat no such claim as greater than that which any individual by herself can exert. Yet as various philosophers have observed, as to how to weigh each of the three imperatives against one another, we find it , and we do not yet have a . In what follows, I offer an approach to weighing the three criteria against one another that yields resolutions saving one infant's life versus replacing ten elderly people's hips that are cardinally definitive, intuitively satisfactory and theoretically justified
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