David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):256 - 269 (2011)
The last decades have seen a rising philosophical interest in the phenomenology of skill acquisition. One central topic in this work is the relation between the athlete's background capacities and foreground attention as an invariant feature of skilful movements. The purpose of this paper is to examine further this gestalt relation from the perspective of Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological account of embodied learning and a classical notion from philosophy of sport, namely ?sweet tension of uncertainty of outcome?. In the first part we will explicate how Merleau-Ponty understands embodied learning as a form of gestalt switch that allows the athlete to perceive the world more meaningfully in relation to an ongoing movement project. That is, a skilled athlete perceives more and better opportunities for actions. In the second part, we revisit the classical notion of ?sweet tension of uncertainty of outcome? developed by Kretchmar. This phrase is attributed to the indeterminate back and forth rallies between sport contestants, and to persons facing a sport situation that produces an ambiguity as to whether one will succeed in one's task. In the third part, we then juxtapose Merleau-Ponty's notion of embodied learning and the notion of sweet tension from philosophy of sport in order to draw out the relations between the two notions. In addition, in much of the philosophical work on skill acquisition (for instance in Merleau-Ponty and his much-cited commentator, Hubert Dreyfus) the distinction between everyday skills (such as walking and opening doors) and sport skills is collapsed. Our discussion aims to show that by introducing the notion of ?sweet tension? to the literature on phenomenology of skill acquisition, we are able to highlight a phenomenological difference between everyday skills and sport skills
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Gunnar Breivik (2008). Bodily Movement - the Fundamental Dimensions. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (3):337 – 352.
Gunnar Breivik (2007). Skillful Coping in Everyday Life and in Sport: A Critical Examination of the Views of Heidegger and Dreyfus. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (2):116-134.
Svend Brinkmann & Lene Tanggaard (2010). Toward an Epistemology of the Hand. Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (3):243-257.
M. C. Dillon (1997). Merleau-Ponty's Ontology. Northwestern University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Douglas W. McLaughlin & Cesar R. Torres (2011). Sweet Tension and its Phenomenological Description: Sport, Intersubjectivity and Horizon. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):270 - 284.
Florentien Verhage, The Rhythm of Embodied Encounters: Intersubjectivity in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology.
M. Reuter (1999). Merleau-Ponty's Notion of Pre-Reflective Intentionality. Synthese 118 (1):69--88.
Trevor Perri (2013). Image and Ontology in Merleau-Ponty. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (1):75-97.
Hubert L. Dreyfus (2002). Intelligence Without Representation – Merleau-Ponty's Critique of Mental Representation the Relevance of Phenomenology to Scientific Explanation. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):367-383.
Sara Heinämaa (1999). Merleau-Ponty's Modification of Phenomenology: Cognition, Passion and Philosophy. Synthese 118 (1):49-68.
M. C. Dillon (1971). Gestalt Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Intentionality. Man and World 4 (4):436-459.
Raymond J. Devettere (1973). Merleau-Ponty and the Husserlian Reductions. Philosophy Today 17 (4):297-308.
Bryan Hogeveen (2011). Skilled Coping And Sport: Promises Of Phenomenology. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):245 - 255.
Veronica Vasterling (2003). Body and Language: Butler, Merleau-Ponty and Lyotard on the Speaking Embodied Subject. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (2):205 – 223.
Joel Smith (2005). Merleau-Ponty and the Phenomenological Reduction. Inquiry 48 (6):553-571.
Anthony J. Steinbock (1987). Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Depth. Philosophy Today 31 (4):336-351.
Jan Bengtsson (2013). Embodied Experience in Educational Practice and Research. Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (1):39-53.
Dorothea Olkowski (2010). In Search of Lost Time, Merleau-Ponty, Bergson, and the Time of Objects. Continental Philosophy Review 43 (4):525-544.
Judith Wambacq (2011). Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Criticism of Bergson's Theory of Time Seen Through The Work of Gilles Deleuze. Studia Phaenomenologica 11 (1):309-325.
Added to index2011-10-13
Total downloads24 ( #69,436 of 1,096,960 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #273,801 of 1,096,960 )
How can I increase my downloads?