David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
AI and Society 28 (1):95-105 (2013)
Illusions of control and fantasies of power are important themes in human history and culture. The first objective of this paper is to explore Zarathustran fantasies in the information society, and our dreams of God-like control and mastery over ourselves and the Universe. This paper does not try to be faithful to Nietzschean philosophical concepts of Zarathustra, but instead explore cultural themes, which can be related to a mythology of God-like control and omniscient perception. It draws together strands from science fiction, anthropology, philosophy, technology development, systems engineering, socio-technical systems, finance and e-business to set out how we have fallen for the technocultural illusions we have created. The paper then shifts gear, and in an attempt to address these technocultural problems, identifies an intellectual trajectory centred on an anthropological perspective. Using examples from e-business and Schwartz’s universal model of human values, applied into a technocultural context, the paper shows how it is possible to create meaningful systems of organisation that utilise advanced technologies to help provide a deeply value-laden cultural system. Our world is changing fundamentally and dramatically, and we desperately need new approaches to help us understand these transitions. The paper’s primary contribution is to critique both human-centred thinking, and mechanistic, Taylorist views of organisation and technology. It stimulates debate concerning the relationship between technology and culture as it is worked out in the information society. Shifting the perspective from humans as social, functioning creatures, this paper offers a new human-centred approach based upon humans as cultural, valuing beings.
|Keywords||Culture Values Integral systems Systems failure Socio-technical systems Information systems development Systems engineering Anthropology Information society Complexity Philosophy of technology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Bruno Latour (1999). Pandora's Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies. Harvard University Press.
Milton Rokeach (1973). The Nature of Human Values. New York,Free Press.
Don Ihde (1991). Instrumental Realism: The Interface Between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Technology. Indiana University Press.
D. Ihde (2000). Expanding Hermeneutics: Visualism in Science (Drew Christie). Continental Philosophy Review 33 (2):218-224.
Citations of this work BETA
Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani (2013). A Philosophical and Evolutionary Approach to Cyber-Bullying: Social Networks and the Disruption of Sub-Moralities. Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):285-299.
Sinead Somers & Larry Stapleton (2014). E-Agricultural Innovation Using a Human-Centred Systems Lens, Proposed Conceptual Framework. AI and Society 29 (2):193-202.
Antonio Fernández-Cano & Alfonso Fernández-Guerrero (2014). Computers and Classical Myths. AI and Society 29 (1):85-96.
Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani (forthcoming). Contemporary Finance as a Critical Cognitive Niche. Mind and Society.
Similar books and articles
Dietrich Brandt & Janko Cernetic (1998). Human-Centred Appraoches to Control and Information Technology: European Experiences. [REVIEW] AI and Society 12 (1-2):2-20.
Larry Stapleton, David Smith & Fiona Murphy (2004). Systems Engineering Methodologies, Tacit Knowledge and Communities of Practice. AI and Society 19 (2):159-179.
Robert Gooding-Williams (2001). Zarathustra's Dionysian Modernism. Stanford University Press.
Karamjit S. Gill (1996). The Human-Centred Movement: The British Context. [REVIEW] AI and Society 10 (2):109-126.
Peter Day (1996). The Human-Centred Information Society: A Community-Based Approach. [REVIEW] AI and Society 10 (2):181-198.
Miguel Quintanilla (1998). Técnica y cultura. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):49-69.
Karamjit S. Gill (2002). Knowledge Networking in Cross-Cultural Settings. AI and Society 16 (3):252-277.
R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.) (1996). Redefining Nature: Ecology, Culture, and Domestication. Berg.
Grant Ramsey (2013). Culture in Humans and Other Animals. Biology and Philosophy 28 (3):457-479.
Jeff Baldwin (2006). The Culture of Nature Through Mississippian Geographies. Ethics and the Environment 11 (2):13-44.
Nils Goldschmidt & Bernd Remmele (2005). Anthropology as the Basic Science of Economic Theory: Towards a Cultural Theory of Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (3):455-469.
Dana Irina (2011). A Culture of Human Rights and the Right to Culture. Journal for Communication and Culture 1 (2):30-48.
Daniel Memmi (2013). Cultural Consequences of Computing Technology. AI and Society 28 (1):77-85.
Josep M. Rosanas & Manuel Velilla (2005). The Ethics of Management Control Systems: Developing Technical and Moral Values. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (1):83 - 96.
Added to index2012-02-14
Total downloads7 ( #292,153 of 1,725,598 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,437 of 1,725,598 )
How can I increase my downloads?