David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Perspectives on Science 10 (4):408-432 (2002)
: The increasing attention on experiment in the last two decades has led to important insights into its material, cultural and social dimensions. However, the role of experiment as a tool for generating knowledge has been comparatively poorly studied. What questions are asked in experimental research? How are they treated and eventually resolved? And how do questions, epistemic situations, and experimental activity cohere and shape each other? In my paper, I treat these problems on the basis of detailed studies of research practice. After presenting several cases from the history of electricity—Dufay, Ampère, and Faraday—I discuss a specific type of experiment—the "exploratory experiment"—and analyze how it works in concept formation. I argue that a fuller understanding of experiment can only be achieved by intertwining historical and philosophical perspectives in such a way that the very separation of the two become questioable
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References found in this work BETA
Friedrich Steinle (1997). Entering New Fields: Exploratory Uses of Experimentation. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):74.
Richard M. Burian (1997). Exploratory Experimentation and the Role of Histochemical Techniques in the Work of Jean Brachet, 1938-1952. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (1):27 - 45.
Ursula Klein (1994). Origin of the Concept Chemical Compound. Science in Context 7 (2).
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Citations of this work BETA
Koray Karaca (2013). The Strong and Weak Senses of Theory-Ladenness of Experimentation: Theory-Driven Versus Exploratory Experiments in the History of High-Energy Particle Physics. Science in Context 26 (1):93-136.
Kevin C. Elliott (2012). Epistemic and Methodological Iteration in Scientific Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):376-382.
Theodore Arabatzis & Jutta Schickore (2012). Ways of Integrating History and Philosophy of Science. Perspectives on Science 20 (4):395-408.
Theodore Arabatzis (2011). On the Historicity of Scientific Objects. Erkenntnis 75 (3):377-390.
Melinda B. Fagan (2011). Social Experiments in Stem Cell Biology. Perspectives on Science 19 (3):235-262.
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