Models and mechanisms: On the methodology of animal extrapolation
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Any account of extrapolation from animal models to humans must confront two basic challenges: explain how extrapolation can be justified even when there are causally relevant differences between model and target, and explain how the suitability of a model can be established given only limited information about the target. We argue that existing approaches to extrapolation—either in terms of capacities or mechanisms—do not adequately address these challenges. However, we propose a further elaboration of the mechanisms approach that provides a better treatment of this issue. The central concept in our proposal is what we term comparative process tracing.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Tarja Knuuttila (2009). Isolating Representations Versus Credible Constructions? Economic Modelling in Theory and Practice. Erkenntnis 70 (1):59 - 80.
Jennifer Radden (2012). Recognition Rights, Mental Health Consumers and Reconstructive Cultural Semantics. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-8.
Demetris Portides (2011). Seeking Representations of Phenomena: Phenomenological Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):334-341.
Bert Leuridan & Erik Weber (2011). The IARC and Mechanistic Evidence. In Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. 91--109.
Jonathan Waskan (2008). Knowledge of Counterfactual Interventions Through Cognitive Models of Mechanisms. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):259 – 275.
Daniel Steel (2008). Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science. Oxford University Press.
Dirk Kerzel & Jochen Müsseler (2008). Mental and Sensorimotor Extrapolation Fare Better Than Motion Extrapolation in the Offset Condition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):206-207.
Daniel Steel & S. Kedzie Hall (2010). A New Approach to Argument by Analogy: Extrapolation and Chain Graphs. Philosophy of Science 77 (5):1058-1069.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?