David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (2):75-83 (2012)
A god is a cosmic designer-creator. Atheism says the number of gods is 0. But it is hard to defeat the minimal thesis that some possible universe is actualized by some possible god. Monotheists say the number of gods is 1. Yet no degree of perfection can be coherently assigned to any unique god. Lewis says the number of gods is at least the second beth number. Yet polytheists cannot defend an arbitrary plural number of gods. An alternative is that, for every ordinal, there is a god whose perfection is proportional to it. The n -th god actualizes the best universe(s) in the n -th level of an axiological hierarchy of possible universes. Despite its unorthodoxy, ordinal polytheism has many metaphysically attractive features and merits more serious study.
|Keywords||Gods Atheism Monotheism Polytheism Infinity|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David K. Lewis (1983). Philosophical Papers. Oxford University Press.
David Hume (2007/2006). Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Philosophical Review. Blackwell Pub. Ltd. 338-339.
René Descartes, Valentine Rodger Miller & Reese P. Miller (1983). Principles of Philosophy. Reidel Distributed by Kluwer Boston, C1983.
Graham Robert Oppy (2006). Philosophical Perspectives on Infinity. Cambridge University Press.
Klaas J. Kraay (2010). Theism, Possible Worlds, and the Multiverse. Philosophical Studies 147 (3):355 - 368.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Virgil Martin Nemoianu (2010). The Insufficiency of the Many Gods Objection to Pascal's Wager. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (3):513-530.
P. A. Meijer (2007). Stoic Theology: Proofs for the Existence of the Cosmic God and of the Traditional Gods: Including a Commentary on Cleanthes' Hymn on Zeus. Eburon.
Normunds Titāns, Hypothesis of Extraterrestrial Origins of Life on Earth and Its Anthropologically-Theological Implications: Rhawn Joseph's Case.
Bradley Armour-Garb (1999). Betting on God: Why Considerations of Simplicity Won't Help. Religious Studies 35 (2):119-138.
Monica A. Coleman (2007). From Models of God to a Model of Gods: How Whiteheadian Metaphysics Facilitates Western Language Discussion of Divine Multiplicity. Philosophia 35 (3-4):329-340.
Bradley Monton (2010). Against Multiverse Theodicies. Philo 13 (2):113-135.
Mark Colyvan (2005). Myths and Mathematics in Our Vision of the World. Australian Review of Public Affairs.
Shawn Loht (2012). Heidegger's Phenomenology of the Greek Gods. Philosophy Today 56 (4):419-33.
Richard Swinburne (1988). Could There Be More Than One God? Faith and Philosophy 5 (3):225 - 241.
Frank Edward Manuel (1983). The Changing of the Gods. Published for Brown University Press by University Press of New England.
Zvonimir Šikić (1996). What Are Numbers? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (2):159 – 171.
Zvonimir Šikić (1996). What Are Numbers? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (2):159-171.
Jacqueline A. Laing (2012). Monotheism. In George Kurian (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Christian Civilisation. Blackwell
Added to index2011-11-06
Total downloads36 ( #89,956 of 1,725,444 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #134,647 of 1,725,444 )
How can I increase my downloads?