David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and Behavior 7 (2):173 – 184 (1997)
During the 1980s, federal regulations transferred significant portions of the responsibility for monitoring the care and use of research animals from animal care programs to Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs). After a brief review of the history of the regulation of the use of animals in research preceding and during the 4 decades following World War 11, this article raises 4 problems associated with the role IACUCs currently play in monitoring the use of animals in research: (a) lack of expertise, (b) diverted resources, (c) conflict of interest, and (d) restrictions of academic freedom. It is concluded that the care and treatment of animals used in research would be served better and organized more rationally if the day-to-day responsibilities for approving projects and caring for animals were separated more clearly from broader, oversight functions, with the former being assigned to animal care programs and the latter to IACUCs.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James Parker (1994). The Protection of Laboratory Animals: A Response to Stephenson. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (4):389-394.
Maurice Hamington (2008). Learning Ethics From Our Relationships with Animals. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):177-188.
Debra Durham & Debra Merskin (2009). Animals, Agency, and Absence : A Discourse Analysis of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Meetings. In Sarah E. McFarland & Ryan Hediger (eds.), Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Exploration. Brill
Shelley L. Gavin & Harold A. Herzog (1992). The Ethical Judgment of Animal Research. Ethics and Behavior 2 (4):263 – 286.
Mark Rice (2011). The Institutional Review Board is an Impediment to Human Research: The Result is More Animal-Based Research. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):12-.
Lawrence Finsen (1988). Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees: A New Set of Clothes for the Emperor? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (2):145-158.
John P. Gluck & F. Barbara Orlans (1997). Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees: A Flawed Paradigm or Work in Progress? Ethics and Behavior 7 (4):329 – 336.
Farol N. Tomson (1989). Approving the Use of Animals in Medical Education. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (1).
Czesław Radzikowski (2006). Protection of Animal Research Subjects. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):103-110.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #237,094 of 1,781,282 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #295,025 of 1,781,282 )
How can I increase my downloads?