David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):111-134 (2003)
Kant used transcendental reflection to distinguish in judgment what belongs to its form and what to its material. Regarding the form of judgment, Buchdahl's work highlights the analogies between the different levels of judgment in Kant's transcendental ontology. He uses the explicit contingency of judgments of the system of nature to illuminate the contingency of judgments of objects in general. In the Critique of pure reason, Kant had left much of the work of judgment to the unconscious imagination. Fichte and Schelling attempted to make conscious and determinate the work of the unconscious imagination, but found themselves unable to avoid a reflexive regress in trying to objectify and provide a foundation for the activity of the self in judgment. Buchdahl also clarifies the role Kant gave to the object in judgment, as the indeterminate 'thinghood' remaining once all forms of cognition are abstracted. Fichte represented this objective side of consciousness as the not-I, as the limit of the activity of the I, as an unconscious, alien element within consciousness. Schelling struggled to illuminate this unconscious object in judgment, to provide a construction of nature, without dissolving its positive presence into abstract formulations. In pursuing relentlessly Kant's critique of judgment, Fichte and Schelling exposed its opaque points and problematized the ambition to build a complete system of philosophy.
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References found in this work BETA
Immanuel Kant (1790/2005). Critique of Judgment. Barnes & Noble Books.
Immanuel Kant & Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1910). Kant's Gesammelte Schriften. G. Reimer.
J. Michael Young (1992). Functions of Thought and the Synthesis of Intuitions. In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press 3--101.
Paul Guyer (1992). The Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. In The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press 3--123.
Joan Steigerwald (2002). Instruments of Judgment: Inscribing Organic Processes in Late Eighteenth-Century Germany. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (1):79-131.
Citations of this work BETA
John Zammito (2006). Teleology Then and Now: The Question of Kant's Relevance for Contemporary Controversies Over Function in Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (4):748-770.
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