The ongoing charity of organ donation. Contemporary English Sunni fatwas on organ donation and blood transfusion
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics 25 (3):167 - 175 (2011)
Background: Empirical studies in Muslim communities on organ donation and blood transfusion show that Muslim counsellors play an important role in the decision process. Despite the emerging importance of online English Sunni fatwas, these fatwas on organ donation and blood transfusion have hardly been studied, thus creating a gap in our knowledge of contemporary Islamic views on the subject.Method: We analysed 70 English Sunni e-fatwas and subjected them to an in-depth text analysis in order to reveal the key concepts in the Islamic ethical framework regarding organ donation and blood transfusion.Results: All 70 fatwas allow for organ donation and blood transfusion. Autotransplantation is no problem at all if done for medical reasons. Allotransplantation, both from a living and a dead donor, appears to be possible though only in quite restricted ways. Xenotransplantation is less often mentioned but can be allowed in case of necessity. Transplantation in general is seen as an ongoing form of charity. Nearly half of the fatwas allowing blood transfusion do so without mentioning any restriction or problem whatsoever. The other half of the fatwas on transfusion contain the same conditional approval as found in the arguments pro organ transplantation.Conclusion: Our findings are very much in line with the international literature on the subject. We found two new elements: debates on the definition of the moment of death are hardly mentioned in the English Sunni fatwas and organ donation and blood transfusion are presented as an ongoing form of charity
|Keywords||Islam organ donation fatwa blood transfusion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mary Jiang Bresnahan & Kevin Mahler (2010). Ethical Debate Over Organ Donation in the Context of Brain Death. Bioethics 24 (2):54-60.
Mike Collins (2010). Reevaluating the Dead Donor Rule. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):1-26.
Walter Glannon & Lainie Friedman Ross (2005). Response to “Intrafamilial Organ Donation Is Often an Altruistic Act” by Aaron Spital (CQ Vol 12, No 1) and “Donor Benefit Is the Key to Justified Living Organ Donation,” by Aaron Spital (CQ Vol 13, No 1): Motivation, Risk, and Benefit in Living Organ Donation: A Reply to Aaron Spital. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (02):191-194.
S. Giles (2005). An Antidote to the Emerging Two Tier Organ Donation Policy in Canada: The Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (4):188-191.
Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Joan McGregor (2006). Organ Procurement Organizations Internet Enrollment for Organ Donation: Abandoning Informed Consent. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (14):1-9.
André Krom (2005). Earning Points for Moral Behavior. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):73-83.
Nikola Biller-Andorno (2002). Gender Imbalance in Living Organ Donation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):199-203.
Ann Mongoven (2003). Sharing Our Body and Blood: Organ Donation and Feminist Critiques of Sacrifice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):89 – 114.
Mohammed Ghaly (2012). Religio-Ethical Discussions on Organ Donation Among Muslims in Europe: An Example of Transnational Islamic Bioethics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):207-220.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads11 ( #135,063 of 1,098,611 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #113,599 of 1,098,611 )
How can I increase my downloads?