David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Inquiry 40 (2):175 – 186 (1997)
In his paper 'The Voluntariness of Judgment' Mark Thomas Walker claims that judgments are voluntary acts. According to Walker, theoretical reasoning can be seen as an instance of practical reasoning, and the outcomes of practical reasoning are actions. There are two reasons why Walker's argument does not establish this conclusion: (i) There are non-reflective judgments which cannot reasonably be described as instances of practical reasoning; Walker's argument does not apply to these judgments, (ii) If one judges that p as a result of deliberation, one has had no choice sincerely to judge as well that non-p instead of p , that is, one cannot judge contrary to one's evidence. Therefore, reflective judgments are not voluntary actions. Walker cannot show that reflective judgments are voluntary, because he fails to give a clear notion of a voluntary action and the role of choice.
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References found in this work BETA
Gilbert Ryle (1949/2002). The Concept of Mind. Hutchinson and Co.
Brian O'Shaughnessy (2008). The Will: A Dual Aspect Theory. Cambridge University Press.
L. Jonathan Cohen (1992). An Essay on Belief and Acceptance. New York: Clarendon Press.
Robert N. Audi (1994). Dispositional Beliefs and Dispositions to Believe. Noûs 28 (4):419-34.
Jonathan Bennett (1990). Why Is Belief Involuntary? Analysis 50 (2):87 - 107.
Citations of this work BETA
Seumas Miller (forthcoming). Assertions, Joint Epistemic Actions and Social Practices. Synthese:1-24.
Seumas Miller (2015). Joint Epistemic Action and Collective Moral Responsibility. Social Epistemology 29 (3):280-302.
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Mark Thomas Walker (1996). The Voluntariness of Judgment. Inquiry 39 (1):97 – 119.
Mark Walker (1998). The Voluntariness of Judgment: Reply to Stein. Inquiry 41 (3):333 – 339.
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