Dream Splicing: A New Technique for Assessing Thematic Coherence in Subjective Reports of Mental Activity
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):114-128 (1994)
A novel "dream splicing" technique allows the objective evaluation of thematic coherence in dreams. In this study, dream reports were cut into segments and segments randomly recombined to form spliced reports. Judges then attempted to distinguish spliced reports from intact ones. Five judges correctly scored 22 spliced and intact reports 82% of the time ; 13 of the 22 reports were correctly scored by all five judges . We conclude that most dream reports contain sufficient coherence to allow judges to distinguish intact from spliced reports. In contrast, abridged reports, which had all but their first and last five lines removed, were correctly identified in only 10 of 38 reports, suggesting that thematic continuity does not normally extend from the beginning to the end of dreams. The continuity identified in this minority of the reports depended on easily identifiable features, such as specific characters, objects, locations, and emotions, rather than on "latent" themes
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S. Llewellyn (2013). Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On? Elaborative Encoding, the Ancient Art of Memory, and the Hippocampus. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):589-607.
Ivan Limosani, Armando D’Agostino, Maria Laura Manzone & Silvio Scarone (2011). The Dreaming Brain/Mind, Consciousness and Psychosis. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):987-992.
Jana Speth, Clemens Frenzel & Ursula Voss (2013). A Differentiating Empirical Linguistic Analysis of Dreamer Activity in Reports of EEG-Controlled REM-Dreams and Hypnagogic Hallucinations. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1013-1021.
A. Hobson & D. Kahn (2007). Dream Content: Individual and Generic Aspects☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):850-858.
T. Takeuchi, R. D. Ogilvie, A. V. Ferrelli, T. I. Murphy & K. Belicki (2001). The Dream Property Scale: An Exploratory English Version. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):341-355.
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