Dream Splicing: A New Technique for Assessing Thematic Coherence in Subjective Reports of Mental Activity
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):114-128 (1994)
A novel "dream splicing" technique allows the objective evaluation of thematic coherence in dreams. In this study, dream reports were cut into segments and segments randomly recombined to form spliced reports. Judges then attempted to distinguish spliced reports from intact ones. Five judges correctly scored 22 spliced and intact reports 82% of the time ; 13 of the 22 reports were correctly scored by all five judges . We conclude that most dream reports contain sufficient coherence to allow judges to distinguish intact from spliced reports. In contrast, abridged reports, which had all but their first and last five lines removed, were correctly identified in only 10 of 38 reports, suggesting that thematic continuity does not normally extend from the beginning to the end of dreams. The continuity identified in this minority of the reports depended on easily identifiable features, such as specific characters, objects, locations, and emotions, rather than on "latent" themes
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
S. Llewellyn (2013). Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On? Elaborative Encoding, the Ancient Art of Memory, and the Hippocampus. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):589-607.
Ivan Limosani, Armando D’Agostino, Maria Laura Manzone & Silvio Scarone (2011). The Dreaming Brain/Mind, Consciousness and Psychosis. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):987-992.
Jana Speth, Clemens Frenzel & Ursula Voss (2013). A Differentiating Empirical Linguistic Analysis of Dreamer Activity in Reports of EEG-Controlled REM-Dreams and Hypnagogic Hallucinations. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1013-1021.
A. Hobson & D. Kahn (2007). Dream Content: Individual and Generic Aspects☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):850-858.
T. Takeuchi, R. D. Ogilvie, A. V. Ferrelli, T. I. Murphy & K. Belicki (2001). The Dream Property Scale: An Exploratory English Version. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):341-355.
Similar books and articles
Cynthia D. Rittenhouse, Robert Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson (1994). Constraint on the Transformation of Characters, Objects, and Settings in Dream Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):100-113.
Jody Resnick, Robert Stickgold, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse & J. Allan Hobson (1994). Self-Representation and Bizarreness in Children′s Dream Reports Collected in the Home Setting. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):30-45.
Jeffrey P. Sutton, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse, Edward Pace-Schott, Jane M. Merritt, Robert Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson (1994). Emotion and Visual Imagery in Dream Reports: A Narrative Graphing Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):89-99.
Jeffrey P. Sutton, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse, Edward Pace-Schott, Robert Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson (1994). A New Approach to Dream Bizarreness: Graphing Continuity and Discontinuity of Visual Attention in Narrative Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):61-88.
J. T. Rowley, R. Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson (1998). Eyelid Movements and Mental Activity at Sleep Onset. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):67-84.
Robert Stickgold, Edward Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson (1994). A New Paradigm for Dream Research: Mentation Reports Following Spontaneous Arousal From REM and NREM Sleep Recorded in a Home Setting. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):16-29.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dream Science 2000: A Response to Commentaries on Dreaming and the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1019-1035.
Elizabeth Irvine (2012). Old Problems with New Measures in the Science of Consciousness. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):627-648.
Anton Coenen (2000). The Divorce of Rem Sleep and Dreaming. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):922-924.
Marco Zanasi, Fabrizio Calisti, Giorgio di Lorenzo, Giulia Valerio & Alberto Siracusano (2011). Oneiric Activity in Schizophrenia: Textual Analysis of Dream Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):337-348.
Berit Brogaard (2007). Attitude Reports: Do You Mind the Gap? Philosophy Compass 3 (1):93-118.
R. Wolman & M. KozMova (2007). Last Night I Had the Strangest Dream: Varieties of Rational Thought Processes in Dream Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):838-849.
Carlos A. OLLER (2004). Measuring Coherence Using LP-Models. Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):451-455.
J. Montangero (2003). Completeness and Accuracy of Morning Reports After a Recall Cue: Comparison of Dream and Film Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):49-62.
Anna Alexandrova (2008). First-Person Reports and the Measurement of Happiness. Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):571 – 583.
Added to index2011-11-01
Total downloads5 ( #523,710 of 1,911,304 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #457,064 of 1,911,304 )
How can I increase my downloads?