David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Psyche 15 (1):137-154 (2009)
William James presaged, and Alan Allport voiced criticisms of cause theories of executive attention for involving a homunculus who directs attention. I review discussions of this problem, and argue that existing philosophical denials of the problem depend on equivocations between different senses of “Cartesian error”. Another sort of denial tries to get around the problem by offering empirical evidence that such an executive attention director exists in prefrontal cortex. I argue that the evidence does not warrant the conclusion that an executive director can be localized in prefrontal cortex unless dubious assumptions are made, and that computational models purporting to support these assumptions either beg the question, or fail to model executive attention in terms of cause theories.
|Keywords||attention cognitive control neuroscience reduction|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
P. Sven Arvidson (2003). A Lexicon of Attention: From Cognitive Science to Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):99-132.
A. P. Shimamura (2000). Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):313-323.
Diego Fernandez-Duque, J. A. Baird & Michael I. Posner (2000). Executive Attention and Metacognitive Regulation. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):288-307.
Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Lionel Naccache, Stanislas Dehaene, L. Jonathan Cohen, Marie-Odile Habert, Elodie Guichart-Gomez, Damien Galanaud & Jean-Claude Willer (2005). Effortless Control: Executive Attention and Conscious Feeling of Mental Effort Are Dissociable. Neuropsychologia 43 (9):1318-1328.
Antonino Raffone, Angela Tagini & Narayanan Srinivasan (2010). Mindfulness and the Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention and Awareness. Zygon 45 (3):627-646.
Michael J. Kane, Andrew R. A. Conway & Randall W. Engle (1999). What Do Working-Memory Tests Really Measure? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):101-102.
Diego Fernandez-Duque (2002). Cause and Effect Theories of Attention: The Role of Conceptual Metaphors. Review of General Psychology 6 (2):153-165.
Bill Faw (2000). My Amygdala-Orbitofrontal-Circuit Made Me Do It. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):167-179.
Added to index2009-06-24
Total downloads15 ( #171,478 of 1,724,750 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #268,625 of 1,724,750 )
How can I increase my downloads?