David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):261-273 (2013)
The contemporary epistemic status of mental health disciplines does not allow the cross validation of mental disorders among various genetic markers, biochemical pathway or mechanisms, and clinical assessments in neuroscience explanations. We attempt to provide a meta-empirical analysis of the contemporary status of the cross-disciplinary issues existing between neuro-biology and psychopathology. Our case studies take as an established medical mode an example cross validation between biological sciences and clinical cardiology in the case of myocardial infarction. This is then contrasted with the incoherence between neuroscience and psychiatry in the case of bipolar disorders. We examine some methodological problems arising from the neuro-imaging studies, specifically the experimental paradigm introduced by the team of Wayne Drevets. Several theoretical objections are raised: temporal discordance, state independence, and queries about the reliability and specificity, and failure of convergent validity of the inter-disciplinary attempt. Both modern neuroscience and clinical psychology taken as separate fields have failed to reveal the explanatory mechanisms underlying mental disorders. The data acquired inside the mono-disciplinary matrices of neurobiology and psychopathology are deeply insufficient concerning their validity, reliability, and utility. Further, there haven’t been developed any effective trans-disciplinary connections between them. It raises the requirement for development of explanatory significant multi-disciplinary “meta-language” in psychiatry (Berrios, 2006, 2008). We attempt to provide a novel conceptual model for an integrative dialogue between psychiatry and neuroscience that actually includes criteria for cross-validation of the common used psychiatric categories and the different assessment methods. The major goal of our proactive program is the foundation of complementary “bridging” connections of neuroscience and psychopathology which may stabilize the cognitive meta-structure of the mental health knowledge. This entails bringing into synergy the disparate discourses of clinical psychology and neuroscience. One possible model accomplishment of this goal would be the synergistic (or at least compatible) integration of the knowledge under trans-disciplinary convergent cross-validation of the commonly used methods and notions.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Adriano C. T. Rodrigues & Claudio E. M. Banzato (2011). A Pragmatic Meta-Conception of Validity for Diagnostic Concepts in Psychiatry: A Step Prior to Utility, Theories and Methods of Validation. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (1):20-21.
Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (2009). Mental Illness as Mental: A Defence of Psychological Realism. Humana.Mente 11:25-44.
KWM Bill Fulford & Giovanni Stanghellini (2008). The Third Revolution: Philosophy Into Practice in Twenty-First Century Psychiatry. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 1 (1):5-14.
Panagiotis Oulis (2010). Nature and Main Kinds of Psychopathological Mechanisms. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):27-34.
Drozdstoj St Stoyanov (2010). Why a Logical-Pragmatic Perspective on Validity in Mental Health is Not Sufficient: Introduction to the Principle of Convergent Trans-Disciplinary Crossvalidity. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (1):25-26.
David H. Brendel (2003). Reductionism, Eclecticism, and Pragmatism in Psychiatry: The Dialectic of Clinical Explanation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (5 & 6):563 – 580.
Dušan Kecmanović (2010). Controversies and Dilemmas in Contemporary Psychiatry. Transaction Publishers.
Drozdstoj St Stoyanov (2009). The Cross-Validation in the Dialogue of Mental and Neuroscience. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 2 (1):24-28.
Joel Paris (2008). Prescriptions for the Mind: A Critical View of Contemporary Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-01-17
Total downloads88 ( #46,816 of 1,796,328 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #66,592 of 1,796,328 )
How can I increase my downloads?