David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology, Vol 3. Oxford University Press 294-330 (2010)
How to regard the weight we give to a proposition on the grounds of its being endorsed by an authority? I examine this question as it is raised within the epistemology of science, and I argue that “authority-based weight” should receive special handling, for the following reason. Our assessments of other scientists’ competence or authority are nearly always provisional, in the sense that to save time and money, they are not made nearly as carefully as they could be---indeed, they are typically made on the basis of only a small portion of the available evidence. Consequently, we need to represent the authority-based elements of our epistemic attitudes in such a way as to allow the later revision of those elements, in case we decide in the light of new priorities that a more conscientious assessment is warranted. I look to the literature in confirmation theory, statistics, and economics for a semiformal model of this revision process, and make a particular proposal of my own. The discussion also casts some light on the question of why certain aspects of science’s epistemic state are not made public
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alex Stein (2008). On the Epistemic Authority of Courts. Episteme 5 (3):pp. 402-410.
C. Stephen Evans (2000). Kierkegaard on Religious Authority. Faith and Philosophy 17 (1):48-67.
Daniel Star & Candice Delmas (2011). Three Conceptions of Practical Authority. Jurisprudence 2 (1):143-160.
Scott Hershovitz (2011). The Role of Authority. Philosophers' Imprint 11 (7).
Charles W. Collier (1992). Intellectual Authority and Institutional Authority. Inquiry 35 (2):145 – 181.
Niall Shanks & Keith Green (2011). Intelligent Design in Theological Perspective. Synthese 178 (2):307 - 330.
Raphael Woolf (2008). Socratic Authority. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (1):1-38.
Jan Steutel & Ben Spiecker (2000). Authority in Educational Relationships. Journal of Moral Education 29 (3):323-337.
Maarten Wisse (2000). The Meaning of the Authority of the Bible. Religious Studies 36 (4):473-487.
Wim de Muijnck (2011). Normative Authority for Empirical Science. Philosophical Explorations 14 (3):263-275.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads60 ( #79,843 of 1,932,454 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #332,988 of 1,932,454 )
How can I increase my downloads?