David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Axiomathes 13 (3-4):283-302 (2003)
We explore experimental methods used to study the phenomena of perceptual organization, first studied by the Gestalt psychologists. We describe an application of traditional psychophysics to perceptual organization and offer alternative methods. Among these, we distinguish two approaches that use multistable stimuli: (1) phenomenological psychophysics, in which the observer's response is assumed to accurately and directly reflect perceptual experience; and (2) the interference paradigm, in which an observer's response is evaluated as correct or incorrect because it pertains to a corrigible task, but does not directly reflect the observer's experience. We show that phenomenological psychophysics can yield valuable information about perceptual organization and lends itself to the development of quantitative theory. We discuss some criticisms of the method and argue that the two approaches that use multistable stimuli are complementary. We also compare each of the approaches with traditional psychophysics. We conclude that the several methods are convergent
|Keywords||Perceptual organization Gestalt grouping Texture segregation Multistability Psychophysics Phenomenal report|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robert Schroer (2009). Does the Phenomenality of Perceptual Experience Present an Obstacle to Phenomenal Externalism? Philosophical Papers 39 (1):93-110.
Ryota Kanai, Farshad Moradi, Shinsuke Shimojo & Frans A. J. Verstraten (2005). Perceptual Alternation Induced by Visual Transients. Perception 34 (7):803-822.
David Papineau (2006). Phenomenal and Perceptual Concepts. In Torin Alter & Sven Walter (eds.), Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. Oxford University Press 111--144.
William M. Petrusic & Joseph V. Baranski (2002). Mental Imagery in Memory Psychophysics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):206-207.
N. K. Logothetis D. A. Leopold (1999). Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3:254-264.
David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis (1999). Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):254-264.
Jiří Wackermann (2010). Psychophysics as a Science of Primary Experience. Philosophical Psychology 23 (2):189 – 206.
Viktor Sarris (2010). Relational Psychophysics: Messages From Ebbinghaus' and Wertheimer's Work. Philosophical Psychology 23 (2):207 – 216.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #154,465 of 1,699,581 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #128,702 of 1,699,581 )
How can I increase my downloads?