David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (2):123-140 (2010)
Various theories have been put forward in an attempt to explain what makes moral judgments justifiable. One of the main theories currently advocated in bioethics is a form of coherentism known as wide reflective equilibrium. In this paper, I argue that wide reflective equilibrium is not a satisfactory approach for justifying moral beliefs and propositions. A long-standing theoretical problem for reflective equilibrium has not been adequately resolved, and, as a result, the main arguments for wide reflective equilibrium are unsuccessful. Moreover, practical problems that arise in using the method of wide reflective equilibrium undermine the idea that it is a viable approach for justifying moral judgments about cases and policies. Given that wide reflective equilibrium is the most prominent version of coherentism, these considerations call into question the coherentist approach to justification in bioethics.
|Keywords||Reflective equilibrium Moral justification Coherence Considered moral judgments Background theories|
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References found in this work BETA
Tom L. Beauchamp (2009). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
John Rawls (1993). Political Liberalism. Columbia University Press.
Richard B. Brandt (1998). A Theory of the Good and the Right. Prometheus Books.
Earl Conee & Richard Feldman (2004). Evidentialism. Oxford University Press.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Citations of this work BETA
Sabine Salloch, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann (2014). Ethics by Opinion Poll?: The Functions of Attitudes Research for Normative Deliberations in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):597-602.
Mariëtte van den Hoven & Jos Kole (forthcoming). Distance, Dialogue and Reflection: Interpersonal Reflective Equilibrium as Method for Professional Ethics Education. Journal of Moral Education:1-20.
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