Belief-logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process model
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):168 – 181 (2008)
An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and belief on premise-processing times, whereby belief - logic conflict problems promoted increased latencies relative to non-conflict problems. This finding challenges belief-first and reasoning-first models, but is directly predicted by parallel-process models, which assume that the outputs of simultaneous heuristic and analytic processing streams lead to an awareness of belief - logic conflicts than then require time-consuming resolution
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Adrian P. Banks (2013). The Influence of Activation Level on Belief Bias in Relational Reasoning. Cognitive Science 37 (3):544-577.
Edward Jn Stupple & Linden J. Ball (2011). The Chronometrics of Confirmation Bias: Evidence for the Inhibition of Intuitive Judgements. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):89-90.
Edward Jn Stupple & Linden J. Ball (2011). Normative Benchmarks Are Useful for Studying Individual Differences in Reasoning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):270-271.
Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon (2013). The 'Whys' and 'Whens' of Individual Differences in Thinking Biases. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):172-178.
Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman (2013). The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking. Cognition 128 (2):237-251.
Similar books and articles
R. P. Loui (1991). Argument and Belief: Where We Stand in the Keynesian Tradition. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 1 (4):357-365.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2007). On the Resolution of Conflict in Dual Process Theories of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):321 – 339.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jodie Curtis-Holmes (2005). Rapid Responding Increases Belief Bias: Evidence for the Dual-Process Theory of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):382 – 389.
Andre Vandierendonck (1996). Evidence for Mental-Model-Based Reasoning: A Comparison of Reasoning with Time and Space Concepts. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):249 – 272.
Helen L. Neilens, Simon J. Handley & Stephen E. Newstead (2009). Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37 – 68.
Stephen E. Newstead, Simon J. Handley & Helen L. Neilens (2011). Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37-68.
Douglas Walton (2011). A Dialogue Model of Belief. Argument and Computation 1 (1):23-46.
Donna Torrens (1999). Individual Differences and the Belief Bias Effect: Mental Models, Logical Necessity, and Abstract Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (1):1 – 28.
Srećko Kovač (2007). Contradictions, Objects, and Belief. In Jean-Yves Béziau & Alexandre Costa-Leite (eds.), Perspectives on Universal Logic. 417.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #151,916 of 1,096,631 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #71,259 of 1,096,631 )
How can I increase my downloads?