David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):425-433 (2012)
In this introductory article, we provide a historical and philosophical framework for studying crisis discussions in psychology. We first trace the various meanings of crisis talk outside and inside of the sciences. We then turn to Kuhn’s concept of crisis, which is mainly an analyst’s category referring to severe clashes between theory and data. His view has also dominated many discussions on the status of psychology: Can it be considered a “mature” science, or are we dealing here with a pre- or multi-paradigmatic discipline? Against these Kuhnian perspectives, we point out that especially, but not only in psychology distinctive crisis declarations and debates have taken place since at least the late 19th century. In these, quite different usages of crisis talk have emerged, which can be determined by looking at (a) the content and (b) the dimensions of the declarations, as well as (c) the functions these declarations had for their authors. Thus, in psychology at least, ‘crisis’ has been a vigorous actor’s category, occasionally having actual effects on the future course of research. While such crisis declarations need not be taken at face value, they nevertheless help to break the spell of Kuhnian analyses of psychology’s history. They should inform ways in which the history and philosophy of psychology is studied further.
|Keywords||Kuhn Crisis in science Philosophy of psychology Historiography|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John B. Watson (1913). Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It. Psychological Review 20 (2):158-177.
Martin Heidegger, Otto Saame & Ina Saame-Speidel (1996). Einleitung in Die Philosophie. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Gary Hatfield (1997). Wundt and Psychology as Science: Disciplinary Transformations. Perspectives on Science 5 (3):349-382.
Reinhart Koselleck & Michaela Richter (2006). Crisis. Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2):357-400.
J. D. Trout (1999). Measured Realism and Statistical Inference: An Explanation for the Fast Progress of "Hard" Psychology. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):272.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Thomas Sturm (2012). Bühler and Popper: Kantian Therapies for the Crisis in Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):462-472.
Dermot Moran (2012). Husserl's Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
George Mandler (2011). Crises and Problems Seen From Experimental Psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):240-246.
Pierpaolo Donati (2012). Beyond the Crisis of the Globalized “World System”: The Need For a New Civil Society. World Futures 68 (4-5):332 - 351.
Arthur W. Staats (1983). Psychology's Crisis of Disunity: Philosophy and Method for a Unified Science. Praeger.
Annette Mülberger (2012). Wundt Contested: The First Crisis Declaration in Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):434-444.
William O'Donohue (1993). The Spell of Kuhn on Psychology: An Exegetical Elixir. Philosophical Psychology 6 (3):267 – 287.
Christian G. Allesch (2012). Hans Driesch and the Problems of “Normal Psychology”. Rereading His Crisis in Psychology (1925). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):455-461.
John Carson (2012). Has Psychology “Found its True Path”? Methods, Objectivity, and Cries of “Crisis” in Early Twentieth-Century French Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):445-454.
Pierre-Jean Renaudie (2010). La psychologie et le « chemin de croix » de la phénoménologie transcendantale. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:163-192.
Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (2002). Folk Psychology. In Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Blackwell 35-71.
Ci Jiwei (2009). The Moral Crisis in Post-Mao China: Prolegomenon to a Philosophical Analysis. Diogenes 56 (1):19-25.
Added to index2011-12-05
Total downloads22 ( #179,169 of 1,911,836 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #458,984 of 1,911,836 )
How can I increase my downloads?