David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
History of Psychology 8:3-34 (2005)
What roles have instruments played in psychology and related disciplines? How have instruments affected the dynamics of psychological research, with what possibilities and limits? What is a psychological instrument? This paper provides a conceptual foundation for specific case studies concerning such questions. The discussion begins by challenging widely accepted assumptions about the subject and analyzing the general relations between scientific experimentation and the uses of instruments in psychology. Building on this analysis, a deliberately inclusive definition of what constitutes a psychological instrument is proposed. The discussion then takes up the relation between instrumentation and theories, and differentiates in greater detail the roles instruments have had over the course of psychology’s history. Finally, the authors offer an approach to evaluating the possibilities and limitations of instruments in psychology.
|Keywords||Psychology Instruments Theory-experiment relation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Thomas Sturm & Mitchell G. Ash (eds.) (2007). Psychology's Territories: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives From Different Disciplines. Erlbaum.
Mitchell G. Ash & Thomas Sturm (eds.) (2007). Psychology’s Territories: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives From Different Disciplines. Erlbaum.
Marcel Boumans (2004). The Reliability of an Instrument. Social Epistemology 18 (2 & 3):215 – 246.
Nebojsa Kujundzic & William Buschert (1994). Instruments and the Body: Sartre and Merleau-Ponty. Research in Phenomenology 24 (1):206-215.
Sefa Hayibor (2009). Evolutionary Psychology and Business Ethics Research. Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4):587-616.
Daniel Rothbart (1999). On the Relationship Between Instrument and Specimen in Chemical Research. Foundations of Chemistry 1 (3):255-268.
Gerd Gigerenzer & Thomas Sturm (2007). Tools=Theories=Data? On Some Circular Dynamics in Cognitive Science. In Mitchell G. Ash & Thomas Sturm (eds.), Psychology’s Territories: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives from Different Disciplines. Erlbaum.
Alan Chalmers (2003). The Theory-Dependence of the Use of Instruments in Science. Philosophy of Science 70 (3):493-509.
William Bechtel (1990). Scientific Evidence: Creating and Evaluating Experimental Instruments and Research Techniques. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:559 - 572.
Ragnar Fjelland (1991). The Theory-Ladenness of Observations, the Role of Scientific Instruments, and the Kantian a Priori. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (3):269 – 280.
Davis Baird (1994). Meaning in a Material Medium. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:441 - 451.
Davis Baird (1988). Five Theses on Instrumental Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:165 - 173.
Stephan Hartmann & Luc Bovens, The Variety-of-Evidence Thesis and the Reliability of Instruments: A Bayesian-Network Approach.
J. F. M. Hunter (1990). Wittgenstein on Words as Instruments: Lessons in Philosophical Psychology. Barnes & Noble Books.
P. Thagard (1998). Ulcers and Bacteria II: Instruments, Experiments, and Social Interactions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (2):317-342.
Added to index2011-10-25
Total downloads17 ( #112,203 of 1,679,369 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #182,933 of 1,679,369 )
How can I increase my downloads?