David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):135-149 (2008)
The literature on conscience in medicine has paid little attention to what is meant by the word ‘conscience.’ This article distinguishes between retrospective and prospective conscience, distinguishes synderesis from conscience, and argues against intuitionist views of conscience. Conscience is defined as having two interrelated parts: (1) a commitment to morality itself; to acting and choosing morally according to the best of one’s ability, and (2) the activity of judging that an act one has done or about which one is deliberating would violate that commitment. Tolerance is defined as mutual respect for conscience. A set of boundary conditions for justifiable respect for conscientious objection in medicine is proposed.
|Keywords||Conscience Medical ethics Tolerance|
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Citations of this work BETA
F. Minerva (2015). Conscientious Objection in Italy. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):170-173.
Dan W. Brock (2008). Conscientious Refusal by Physicians and Pharmacists: Who is Obligated to Do What, and Why? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):187-200.
Mark P. Aulisio & Kavita Shah Arora (2014). Speak No Evil? Conscience and the Duty to Inform, Refer or Transfer Care. HEC Forum 26 (3):257-266.
Sven Nordstrand, Magnus Nordstrand, Per Nortvedt & Morten Magelssen (2014). Medical Students’ Attitudes Towards Conscientious Objection: A Survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):609-612.
K. B. Brothers (2011). Dependent Rational Providers. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (2):133-147.
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