David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):135-149 (2008)
The literature on conscience in medicine has paid little attention to what is meant by the word ‘conscience.’ This article distinguishes between retrospective and prospective conscience, distinguishes synderesis from conscience, and argues against intuitionist views of conscience. Conscience is defined as having two interrelated parts: (1) a commitment to morality itself; to acting and choosing morally according to the best of one’s ability, and (2) the activity of judging that an act one has done or about which one is deliberating would violate that commitment. Tolerance is defined as mutual respect for conscience. A set of boundary conditions for justifiable respect for conscientious objection in medicine is proposed.
|Keywords||Conscience Medical ethics Tolerance|
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Citations of this work BETA
Elliott Louis Bedford (2012). Abortion: At the Still Point of the Turning Conscientious Objection Debate. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 24 (2):63-82.
Armand H. Matheny Antommaria (2008). Adjudicating Rights or Analyzing Interests: Ethicists' Role in the Debate Over Conscience in Clinical Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):201-212.
K. B. Brothers (2011). Dependent Rational Providers. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (2):133-147.
Patrick Clipsham (2013). Comparing Policies on Conscientious Refusals: A Feminist Perspective. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 6 (1):159-165.
J. C. Parker (2011). Conscience and Collective Duties: Do Medical Professionals Have a Collective Duty to Ensure That Their Profession Provides Non-Discriminatory Access to All Medical Services? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):28-52.
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