David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):135-149 (2008)
The literature on conscience in medicine has paid little attention to what is meant by the word ‘conscience.’ This article distinguishes between retrospective and prospective conscience, distinguishes synderesis from conscience, and argues against intuitionist views of conscience. Conscience is defined as having two interrelated parts: (1) a commitment to morality itself; to acting and choosing morally according to the best of one’s ability, and (2) the activity of judging that an act one has done or about which one is deliberating would violate that commitment. Tolerance is defined as mutual respect for conscience. A set of boundary conditions for justifiable respect for conscientious objection in medicine is proposed.
|Keywords||Conscience Medical ethics Tolerance|
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Alan Donagan (1977). The Theory of Morality. University of Chicago Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
F. Minerva (2015). Conscientious Objection in Italy. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):170-173.
Dan W. Brock (2008). Conscientious Refusal by Physicians and Pharmacists: Who is Obligated to Do What, and Why? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):187-200.
Mark P. Aulisio & Kavita Shah Arora (2014). Speak No Evil? Conscience and the Duty to Inform, Refer or Transfer Care. HEC Forum 26 (3):257-266.
Armand H. Matheny Antommaria (2008). Adjudicating Rights or Analyzing Interests: Ethicists' Role in the Debate Over Conscience in Clinical Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):201-212.
J. C. Parker (2011). Conscience and Collective Duties: Do Medical Professionals Have a Collective Duty to Ensure That Their Profession Provides Non-Discriminatory Access to All Medical Services? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):28-52.
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