David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Nursing Philosophy 11 (3):159-169 (2010)
The likelihood of nurse reflection is examined from the theoretical perspectives of Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action and Moral Action and Sumner's Moral Construct of Caring in Nursing as Communicative Action, through a critical social theory lens. The argument is made that until the nurse reaches the developmental level of post-conventional moral maturity and/or Benner's Stage 5: expert, he or she is not capable of being inwardly directed reflective on self. The three developmental levels of moral maturity and Benner's stages are presented with discussion on whether or not there can be self-reflection because of an innate vulnerability that leads to self-protective behaviours. It is only when the confidence from mastery of practice has been achieved can the nurse be comfortable with reflection that enables him or her to become enlightened, emancipated, and empowered. The influences and constraints of the knowledge power between nurse and patient are acknowledged. The power hierarchy of the institution is recognized as constraining.
|Keywords||Self‐reflection caring in nursing moral maturity levels expert nurse|
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References found in this work BETA
Jürgen Habermas (1984). The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol. 1, 'Reason and the Rationalization of Society'. Polity..
Aristotle (2009). The Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Aristotle (2004). The Nicomachean Ethics. Penguin Books.
Martin Heidegger (1953/2000). An Introduction to Metaphysics. New Haven, Yale University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Jennifer Lapum, Neda Hamzavi, Katarina Veljkovic, Zubaida Mohamed, Adriana Pettinato, Sarabeth Silver & Elizabeth Taylor (2012). A Performative and Poetical Narrative of Critical Social Theory in Nursing Education: An Ending and Threshold of Social Justice. Nursing Philosophy 13 (1):27-45.
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