David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Geography 6 (1):83 – 95 (2003)
Recent discussions of human categories have suffered from an over emphasis on intention and language, and have not paid enough attention to the role of material conditions, and, specifically, of social space in the construction of human categories. The relationship between human categories and social spaces is vital, especially with the categories of class, race, and gender. This paper argues that social space is not merely the consequent of the division of the world into social categories; it is constitutive of social categories. To put it more bluntly, if who we are is bound up with place, then not only do we inhabit a divided America; divided America inhabits us. The second, and equally dramatic, conclusion is that attempts to transform social categories must involve the transformation of social space. When we sort people by categories, we do so spatially: with race come racialized spaces. And because our place comes to inhabit us, when we divide spatially we cannot help but to inscribe and produce categories and identities associated with our spatial divisions: with racialized spaces come race. Recognition of this dialectic is a direct challenge to the one-way considerations of social identity and social space that occurs in much urban sociology and history. Moreover, it demonstrates that there is an internal contradiction in policies--often based in urban sociology and history--that assume that integration can be accomplished along with the conservation of ethnic and racial identity.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ian Hacking (1999). The Social Construction of What? Harvard University Press.
Ludvig Wittgenstein (forthcoming). First Published 1953. Philosophical Investigations.
Ian Hacking (1991). A Tradition of Natural Kinds. Philosophical Studies 61 (1-2):109-26.
L. Luca Cavalli-Sforza, Paoli Menozzi, Alberto Piazza & C. Stephen Downes (1996). The History and Geography of Human Genes. Bioessays 18 (1):84-85.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ulrike Hahn & Nick Chater (1998). Real-World Categories Don't Allow Uniform Feature Spaces – Not Just Across Categories but Within Categories Also. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):28-28.
Robert M. Anthony (2012). A Challenge to Critical Understandings of Race. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):260-282.
Ron Sundstrom (2002). Race as a Human Kind. Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (1):91-115.
Ron Mallon (2007). Human Categories Beyond Non-Essentialism. Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (2):146–168.
Robin O. Andreasen (1998). A New Perspective on the Race Debate. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):199-225.
Michael Root (2000). How We Divide the World. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):639.
Ron Mallon & Daniel Kelly (2012). Making Race Out of Nothing : Psychologically Constrained Social Roles. In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press
Added to index2009-02-04
Total downloads31 ( #128,828 of 1,907,911 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #195,456 of 1,907,911 )
How can I increase my downloads?