Unconscious processing embedded in conscious processing: Evidence from gaze time on chinese sentence reading
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):339-348 (2007)
The current study aims to separate conscious and unconscious behaviors by employing both online and offline measures while the participants were consciously performing a task. Using an eye-movement tracking paradigm, we observed participants’ response patterns for distinguishing within-word-boundary and across-word-boundary reverse errors while reading Chinese sentences . The results showed that when the participants consciously detected errors, their gaze time for target words associated with across-word-boundary reverse errors was significantly longer than that for targets words associated with within-word-boundary reverse errors. Surprisingly, the same gaze time pattern was found even when the readers were not consciously aware of the reverse errors. The results were statistically robust, providing converging evidence for the feasibility of our experimental paradigm in decoupling offline behaviors and the online, automatic, and unconscious aspects of cognitive processing in reading
|Keywords||Cognitive Processes* Eye Movements* Reading* Conscious (Personality Factor) Unconscious (Personality Factor)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Francis Crick & Christof Koch (1995). Are We Aware of Neural Activity in Primary Visual Cortex? Nature 375:121-23.
Frank Tong (2003). Primary Visual Cortex and Visual Awareness. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4 (3):219-229.
Geraint Rees, E. Wojciulik, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Christopher D. Frith & Julia Driver (2000). Unconscious Activation of Visual Cortex in the Damaged Right Hemisphere of a Parietal Patient with Extinction. Brain 123 (8):1624-1633.
Geraint Rees (2001). Neuroimaging of Visual Awareness in Patients and Normal Subjects. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 11 (2):150-156.
Bruce Bridgeman (1992). Conscious Vs Unconscious Processes: The Case of Vision. Theory and Psychology 2:73-88.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin (2004). Unconscious Perception: A Model-Based Approach to Method and Evidence. Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):846-867.
Steven J. Haase & Gary D. Fisk (2004). Valid Distinctions Between Conscious and Unconscious Perception? Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):868-871.
Warren Wilner (2005). The Lone Ranger as a Metaphor for the Psychoanalytic Movement From Conscious to Unconscious Experience. Psychoanalytic Review 92 (5):759-776.
Filip Van Opstal, Bert Reynvoet & Tom Verguts (2005). Unconscious Semantic Categorization and Mask Interactions: An Elaborate Response to Kunde Et Al. (2005). Cognition 97 (1):107-113.
Hugo Bleichmar (2004). Making Conscious the Unconscious in Order to Modify Unconscious Processing: Some Mechanisms of Therapeutic Change. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 85 (6):1379-1400.
George I. Viamontes & Bernard D. Beitman (2007). This Issue: The Neurobiology of the Unconscious. Psychiatric Annals 37 (4):222-224.
Wilfried Kunde, Andrea Kiesel & Joachim Hoffman (2003). Conscious Control Over the Content of Unconscious Cognition. Cognition 88 (2):223-242.
Harald Höffding & Mary E. Lowndes (2004). The Conscious and the Unconscious: From Outlines of Psychology (1881). American Imago. Special Issue 1750 (3):379-395.
Wilfried Kunde, Andrea Kiesel & Joachim Hoffmann (2005). On the Masking and Disclosure of Unconscious Elaborate Processing. A Reply to Van Opstal, Reynvoet, and Verguts (2005). Cognition 97 (1):99-105.
Jack Honvank & Edward H. F. Haaden (2001). Conscious and Unconscious Processing of Emotional Faces. In Beatrice De Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.), Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes. Oxford University Press 222-237.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #200,185 of 1,724,768 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,121 of 1,724,768 )
How can I increase my downloads?