Exograms and interdisciplinarity: History, the extended mind and the civilizing process

In Richard Menary (ed.), The Extended Mind. MIT Press 189--225 (2006)
Abstract
On the extended mind hypothesis (EM),l many of our cognitive states and processes are hybrids, unevenly distributed across biological and nonbiological realms (Clark 1997; Clark and Chalmers 1998). In certain circumstances, things-artifacts, media, or technologies-can have a cognitive life, with histories often as idiosyncratic as those of the embodied brains with which they couple (Sutton 2002a, 2008). The realm of the mental can spread across the physical, social, and cultural environments as well as bodies and brains. My independent aims in this chapter are: first, to describe two compatible but distinct movements or "waves" within the EM literature, arguing for the priority of the second wave (and gesturing briefly toward a third); and, second, to defend and illustrate the interdisciplinary implications of EM as best understood, specifically for historical disciplines, by sketching two case studies.
Keywords distributed cognition  extended mind  historical cognitive science  cognitive life of things  exograms  Clark  memory  parity principle
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Richard Menary (2006). Attacking the Bounds of Cognition. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):329-344.

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