David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dissertation, Gothenburg University (2008)
The subject matter of this thesis is analytic ontology. Chapters II and III deal with two versions of trope theory, or moderate nominalism; these are defined as ontologies which recognise properties and relations but no (real) universals. The key notion of both theories, trope, is characterised as an abstract particular. What the abstractness amounts to differs between the two. Yet another difference is that simplicity is an essential trait of a trope according to one theory, but not according to the other. Though exact similarity is said to play an important role in both theories, as it turns out, this does not seem to be the case. The ontology dealt with in chapter IV is a mixture of moderate nominalism concerning qualities and realism concerning relations. In it, quality instances (moments) and universal relations are the ultimate constituents of the universe. While relations and moments are considered to be constituents of states of affairs, which are characterised as objects of higher orders, complexes that are objects of the first order are made up of moments on their own. Among these complexes one finds the ordinary objects. Paradoxically, although relations are necessary for the existence of complex first order objects, relations are not thought to be among the contents of these objects. The main subject of chapter V is a particular version of moderate realism; it is an ontology which is realistic in its recognition of universals and moderate in its recognition of instances of these universals. Instances combine to form complex networks. A theoretically motivated claim is that although each instance has a predicational aspect as well as a universal one, it is simple in the sense of lacking internal predicative structure; though, this claim can be called into question. Keywords: analytic ontology, moderate nominalism, moderate realism, particular, universal, abstract, concrete, abstract particular, abstract universal, concrete particular, concrete universal, trope, moment, complex unity, collection, instance, unit attribute, intensional aspect, predicational aspect, continuous composite, articulated composite
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$155.79 used Amazon page|
|Call number||B731.S84 2008|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jan Almäng (2012). Russellian Propositions and Properties. Metaphysica 13 (1):7-25.
Ingvar Johansson (2009). Proof of the Existence of Universals—and Roman Ingarden's Ontology. Metaphysica 10 (1):65-87.
Similar books and articles
Nino B. Cocchiarella (2008). Infinity in Ontology and Mind. Axiomathes 18 (1):1-24.
Michael Esfeld & Vincent Lam (2011). Ontic Structural Realism as a Metaphysics of Objects. In. In Alisa Bokulich & Peter Bokulich (eds.), Scientific Structuralism. Springer Science+Business Media. 143--159.
Michael Tooley (ed.) (1999). The Nature of Properties: Nominalism, Realism, and Trope Theory. Garland Pub..
Herbert Hochberg (2013). Nominalism and Idealism. Axiomathes 23 (2):213-234.
Charles Landesman (1971). The Problem of Universals. New York,Basic Books.
Michael Esfeld & Vincent Lam (2006). Moderate Structural Realism About Space-Time. Synthese 160 (1):27 - 46.
Käthe Trettin (2007). Tropes and Relations. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 12:155-159.
Ingvar Johansson (2008). Christer Svennerlind, Moderate Nominalism and Moderate Realism and Pierre Grenon, On Relations. Metaphysica 9 (2):241-246.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #70,857 of 1,099,037 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,293 of 1,099,037 )
How can I increase my downloads?